Beef Talk: This Is Next Year Country
Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist, NDSU Extension Service
This Is Next Year Country This Is Next Year Country
Management plans and associated production must be in concert with events beyond a producer’s control.
One can see many of the living things we depend on are doing their own thing. Winter damage (kill) to trees and other perennials are abundantly evident.
There are several combinations of events that impact the living. This spring seems to be a combination of dry conditions and cold. The cold does help the recent rains in terms of soil recharge, but the prolonged cold also is discouraging much plant growth.
A look outside reminds me of mid April, an event that was two months ago. Maybe tomorrow will bring warmth and more appropriate growing conditions.
Cattle Feed Byproducts: Reliable Supply & Pricing
Ration consistency is important for high rates of production. For feedlot cattle managed for fast growth and effi ciency, a consistent ration helps maintain performance and reduce digestive upsets. In addition, budgeting or projecting the performance of new cattle requires a reliable assumption of feed prices and therefore costs of gain. Thus, consistency of co-products from a given source and the ability to forward price or assure price consistency is important to feedlot producers. On the other hand,
High Costs Force Producers to Improve Eficiency
Steven B. Blezinger, Ph.D, PAS
Generally, Spring and Summer are reasonably relaxing times for the cattle producer. If it is a relatively normal year — no droughts, floods, earthquakes or tidal waves — many producers feel they can sit back, relax and let the cows graze. While it is true that many regions will experience severe drought or excessive rainfall that create difficulties, when we speak of a “normal” year we anticipate warm and hot weather with adequate growing conditions (i.e. appropriate levels of well-timed rainfall). Interestingly though, even during mid-summer when we have ample grass volume in our pastures and cow herds seem to be getting everything they need, looks can be deceiving, especially when we consider nutrient needs of cattle at different stages of production.
What’s the Beef with U.S. Beef?
National Public Radio
South Korean protests over their government’s decision to allow American beef back into the country escalated on Tuesday, with tens of thousands of demonstrators flooding the streets of the capital city of Seoul. Just a day earlier, in Washington, D.C., a senior group of diplomats from the South Korean agriculture ministry met with the United States Department of Agriculture to voice their concerns about U.S. beef.
Cattle Preconditioning: External Parasites
External Parasites which affect cattle include lice, warbles (grubs) and flies. Lice are most commonly a problem in late winter, affecting both younger animals and adult cows. The primary clinical signs of lice are severe itching and hair loss, primarily around the neck and tailhead. The entire life cycle of the louse is spent on the animal’s body, making development of a control program easier. There are three stages of the louse’s life cycle: a) nit (egg), b) larva, c) adult. All products kill both the larvae and adult stages, but no products kill the nit. In order to completely eradicate lice from a herd of cattle, they must be treated with the product twice 2 weeks apart or treated with a product that has greater than 2 weeks persistent activity. Lice problems will typically clear up as temperatures rise in late spring and early summer, but they can cause decreases in body condition and milk production if severe enough.
USDA plans national cattle count in early July
The U.S. Department of Agriculture is gearing up to count cattle inventory nationwide, with plans to contact nearly 10,000 cattle operations during the first two weeks of July.
“The July Cattle Survey provides Idaho producers the opportunity to serve as the frontline source of data on cattle”, said Bill Meyer, director of the Idaho Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). “In Idaho, we’ll be contacting about 365 operations in order to trends in beef and dairy cattle inventories, calf crop and cattle operations.”
Producers selected for the survey will have the option of responding via telephone, Internet, mail or personal interview with a local NASS representative.
Alternative Feeds for Ruminants
Dr. Greg Lardy, Dr. Vern Anderson, NDSU Department of Animal and Range Sciences
General Concepts and Recommendations for Using Alternative Feeds
Many of the alternative feeds vary widely in nutrient content, making an analysis or some assessment of the feed value necessary. Producers must know the energy, protein and major mineral levels of these feeds to develop balanced, least-cost diets for livestock. With alternative feeds, wet chemistry analysis to determine nutrient content is strongly recommended, not near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). New and alternative feeds require extensive calibration for proper NIRS estimation of nutrient content. Whatever feed products are used, the ration must be balanced to meet livestock needs and producer goals, which should include economical production.
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