Driving Cows and Calves – How to Make Sure They Stay Together
The primary problem when driving pairs is cows and calves getting separated, which often leads to runbacks, or at least to very unhappy, stressed out cattle and people. But it needn’t be that way.
Base Supplement Decision on Data
Dr. Ken McMillan
Some forages do not have enough readily available nutrients to feed the rumen bugs. This is where tubs and liquid feeds come in. Most of these supplements contain energy and a combination of natural proteins and nonprotein nitrogen (NPN) or urea. Microorganisms in the rumen use this energy and natural protein to digest fiber in forages, turning it into carbohydrates or energy for growth.
An important health concern in young calves is navel ill which can lead to joint ill.
Dr. Bob Larson
Navel ill occurs shortly after birth when bacteria from the environment or skin are able to enter the calf through the navel and cause an infection or abscess in the umbilical (navel) area. If the infection gets into the blood stream and spreads throughout the body, joints in the legs are likely to become infected and the problem becomes “joint ill.”
Studying with Simmental
The Virginia Tech beef production program is made up of 30 purebred Simmental females, 200 commercial cows with a large Simmental influence, and purebred Hereford, Charolais, and Angus herds. With embryo transfer ET work, around 60 Simmental calves are born each year. The base for today’s herd was compiled by Eversole and Joines
3 scenarios that can make or break calf health
Morning AG Clips
A healthy heifer calf is born. You milked the dam, tested her colostrum and fed the calf a high-quality meal all within an hour of birth. But, let’s get real. Delivering colostrum to newborn calves doesn’t always go that smoothly. “As an industry, we’ve done a great job focusing on calving ease and getting calves on the ground in good shape,” says Dave Cook, Ph.D., technical calf consultant for Milk Products. “However, a management area we should focus our efforts to improve is day one calf care to help ensure calves achieve passive transfer.”
What we’ve learned about castration in beef cattle
When Canada’s 2013 Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Beef Cattle was being developed, some participants felt it should require pain control for castration at all ages, like the dairy code. The producers and researchers on the beef code committee were confident that pain control was beneficial for feedlot bulls and dairy calves but were concerned that there was no research showing whether nursing beef calves and individually housed dairy calves respond to castration or pain relief the same way.
The Beef on Animal Agriculture that’s Mostly Bull
Taylor C. Wallace
Let’s start at the beginning, with the cattle who deliver high-quality protein to humans. Cows are an extremely efficient species. Their unique stomachs can digest what humans and other animals cannot, including crushed canola seeds, orange peels, corn husks, grains used in fermenting beer, and other agricultural remnants that would otherwise pile up in a landfill.
Negative Impact of USMCA on U.S. Cattle Industry Predicted
“The likely impact of the USMCA [United States, Mexico, and Canada Agreement, which the Trump Administration is pushing to replace NAFTA] on the U.S. cattle industry will be substantial, and will be substantially negative,” predicted Bill Bullard of the R-CALF USA.
Livestock Losses Still Being Tallied in Nebraska
Between the blizzards and the floods in Nebraska, producers are reporting losses when it comes to livestock. It’s not just dead livestock, but animals that are simply gone.
3 Myths (and 1 Truth) About Grain-Fed Beef
In previous episodes, I’ve talked about the nutritional differences (such as they are) between grass- and grain-fed beef. But today, I want to share some updated information regarding the impact of various feeding programs on the health of the cow and on the environment—an area where there are a lot of misconceptions.
Fred Frey, Angus leader, Master Breeder Passes
Fred lived a very energetic and fulfilling life with numerous accomplishments. At age 16, following his father’s untimely death, he quit school to support the family and help raise his siblings. Fred managed and grew the family farm. Fabricating his own cattle equipment out of necessity, his unique and innovative equipment designs burgeoned into manufacturing and sales; partnering with brothers Willie and Ernie, they founded Frey Brothers.
Use sound grazing practices to reduce overgrazing and weeds.
Angus Beef Bulletin Extra
Weed problems may explode this year thanks to the drought of 2018 and residual problems associated with overgrazing in parched pastures, says University of Missouri (MU) Extension agronomist Valerie Tate. Last year’s extreme weather conditions created a forage shortage. As a result, many pastures were overgrazed.
Pendleton County show cattle shot, killed
Show cattle belonging to a 13-year-old girl lay dead on her farm after being shot on Monday. Olivia Cline says her grandfather noticed the cow and heifer while working on the 60-acre farm and says the two went to check them out and discovered both had been shot, once each. “We found the bullet casing right along the road. We assume the other casing is still in the gun,” said Olivia.
Edd and Nina Hendee’s Taste of Texas, a story of failure and fortune.
There was a kind of “whoosh,” like a candle just lit, turning to flame. Quick on his feet, an ever-poised waiter walked briskly to the front of the restaurant, politely inquiring of its owners. “Did you see that lady on fire at table 55?” Edd and Nina Hendee rushed to assist the situation. Decades removed, the Texas duo can find humor in the retelling of the mishap.
Ground beef from grass-fed and grain-fed cattle: Does it matter?
Stephen B. Smith, Ph.D.
Texas A&M University
The internet is awash in websites proclaiming the nutritional benefits of ground beef from grass-fed cattle. However, researchers in the Department of Animal Science at Texas A&M University have published the only two research studies that actually compared the effects of ground beef from grass-fed cattle and traditional, grain-fed cattle on risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type II diabetes in men. Was ground beef from grass-fed beef actually more healthful?
The importance of good husbandry with scours
Heather Smith Thomas
Western Livestock Journal
“I’ve been in this business—treating sick cattle—for 41 years, and we tend to think that a certain bug causes such-and-such disease and another bug causes this other disease,” says David Rethorst, DVM. “In the past 20 years I’ve come to realize that certain bugs may be associated with certain diseases, but when we see something like scours, this is actually a clinical sign telling us there’s something else wrong in the production system, allowing this to happen”.
Reclaiming Flood-damaged Pastures and Forage Production
Spring growth of most perennial grass pastures and alfalfa stands in the western Corn Belt will likely be delayed due to consequences of excessive flooding and slowed growth from late cold soil and air temperatures. Spring planting of annual forages may be similarly delayed.
Nutrition’s role in hoof health
Late winter and early spring typically involve wet, muddy ground, which can be particularly problematic for hooves. From foot rot to cracking, poor hoof health can take a real toll on livestock, regardless of the species. Wet seasonal conditions weaken and soften hooves, making them more vulnerable to injury and bacteria.
Considerations for making a profit with stocker cattle
The Southeast is home to more than 7.3 million beef cows (USDA 2018) and likely marketed more than 4.6 million feeder calves in 2018. The cow-calf industry in this region provides an opportunity for stocker and backgrounding operations to co-exist. Tight margins place these enterprises at higher risk, and finding mechanisms to add value is essential.
‘It’s Probably Over for Us’: Record Flooding Pummels Midwest When Farmers Can Least Afford It
Mitch Smith, Jack Healy and Timothy Williams
New York Times
The record floods that have pummeled the Midwest are inflicting a devastating toll on farmers and ranchers at a moment when they can least afford it, raising fears that this natural disaster will become a breaking point for farms weighed down by falling incomes, rising bankruptcies and the fallout from President Trump’s trade policies.