Evaluation of two-stage weaning and trace mineral injection on receiving cattle growth performance and behavior
Jordan C Rauch Rebecca S Stokes Daniel W Shike
Translational Animal Science
Most beef operations wean by abruptly separating the cow and calf, usually at a much younger age than in a natural or self-weaning situation (Hudson et al., 2010). The results of abrupt weaning are well documented and consistent, as cows and calves spend more time walking and vocalizing and less time resting or eating (Veissier and Le Neindre, 1989).