Comparing the Environmental Impact of Conventional, Natural and Grass-Fed Beef Production Systems

Comparing the Environmental Impact of Conventional, Natural and Grass-Fed Beef Production Systems

Judith L. Capper

MDPI

The environmental impact of three beef production systems was assessed using a deterministic model. Conventional beef production (finished in feedlots with growth-enhancing technology) required the fewest animals, and least land, water and fossil fuels to produce a set quantity of beef.

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