Body Condition Scoring Beef Cattle
Mississippi State University
Body condition scoring is a management tool that can be used to evaluate the nutritional status of beef cattle. Body condition (fat cover) is an indication of the energy reserves of a beef animal. It is important in beef production because it influences subsequent reproductive and growth performance. Cows and heifers in thin body condition at calving time are slower to rebreed, produce less colostrum, may not have sufficient nutrient reserves for maximum milk production, and are less likely to wean a live calf. Overconditioning, on the other hand, is expensive and can result in calving problems and lower dry matter intake early in lactation.
Cattle flood livestock markets in 2009
Wilson County News
Readers of the weekly “Texas Department of Agriculture Market Recap” may have noticed the Aug. 24 report that states, “Feeder cattle price trends at Texas auctions were mostly steady to $5 higher with a few drought areas being steady to $3 lower.” This followed last week’s report that stated the feeder cattle were $4 higher, with drought areas mostly steady to $4 lower.
Veronica Obregon, chief communications officer with the Texas Department of Agriculture, explained that the increased number of cattle being sold in the market is contributing to the lower prices reported by the auction barns.
Cattle Feeders in Line for Transfusion
DTN, Progressive Farmer
After months and months and months of losses, cattle feeders may now have an opportunity for an equity transfusion.
DTN Livestock Analyst John Harrington explored the question in a blog he posted last week (Harrington’s Sort & Cull: "Load the Boat").
"I doubt that many are making money yet," Harrington told me this morning. "That would take an extended rally into the high eighties, and I think we’ll get there over the next 30 to 60 days. Beyond spot cash, there are real opportunities available from the feeder/fat spreads."
Forages, equipment, management strategies at heart of Forage Day
Julie Douglas, Purdue News Service
A field day designed for forage enthusiasts will provide helpful tips on topics such as controlling weeds, looking at different forages and making hay crop silage and equipment demonstrations.
Purdue Forage Day, set for Sept. 17 near Cambridge City, combines educational sessions, demonstrations, challenges from an operating forage producer and university expertise to provide participants with solutions and ideas they can implement on their farm, said Keith Johnson, Purdue Extension forage management specialist.
Budget cuts bring Extension restructuring plan
Iowa Farmer Today
Jack Payne admits his job has been tougher since Iowa State University announced its Extension restructuring plan in late April.
“It has quieted down some, but there still is a lot of anger,” says Payne, ISU vice president for Extension and Outreach.
“But, I think a lot of people are starting to see the challenges we had, and we have had many good comments as well.”
Evaluating the economics of feedlot receiving diets
Tri State Livestock News
A feedlot sees a wide range of cattle within its fences. Some cattle have strong genetic growth potential, while others do not. Some are more likely to get sick than others. Some will take in a great amount of feed, and others will turn away from the bunk. Some cattle originate from the Dakota’s, while others come from Mexico. With all of these variables, it can be difficult to develop a receiving diet for cattle with different needs.
Beef brands. It’s just not on hides anymore.
Let’s clear the air about branding. Two forms: an identification method used by cattlemen to mark the hides of their cattle either by hot or freeze branding a small symbol on the hide to indicate ownership.
Top-down or Bottom Up Animal ID?
Diverse opinions and facts were voiced, shared and questioned at ID•INFO EXPO 2009 last week in Kansas City, Mo. More than two dozen speakers representing federal and state government, agribusinesses, media, industry—large producers as well as small producers—and the food industry conveyed their messages related to the current state of animal identification in the United States.
Cattle study keeps man in mountains
For much of this summer, Rick Landeis’ office is located in the Bighorn Mountains, where he sleeps in a simple cabin and works alone on horseback, surrounded by cattle.
An animal science instructor at Sheridan College and veteran rancher, Landeis is in the second year of a research project examining bovine respiratory disease in calves moved up on the mountain to graze.
Silage Harvesting, Storing, and Feeding
W. E. Kunkle, C. G. Chambliss, A. T. Adesogan, and M. B. Adjei, University of Florida
Silage can be a convenient and economical feed for the cattle industry. Forages are harvested, stored, and fed as silage when field drying is not possible. Crops such as corn and sorghum reach their optimal harvest time when they contain considerable moisture. They are usually harvested as silage because their thick stalks delay drying. Bermudagrass and bahiagrass are usually harvested as hay, but frequent rains may delay harvest or cause excessive losses of dry matter (DM). Harvesting some cuttings as silage may reduce harvesting losses and allow a more timely harvest, which improves forage quality.
Feeding an Investment
As more cattle feeders bleed red ink in the current market, the idea of investing in cattle feeding may seem a bit too risky. However, that’s just what a cattle investment group in Iowa has decided to do, with the idea there are still opportunities to make a return on investment (ROI) in cattle feeding.
100% GRASS-FED Cattle is possible and profitable!
First of all, please allow me to introduce myself. My name is Randy Kuhn. My family & I reside in North/East Pennsylvania on a modest 100% GRASS-FED Registered Red Angus & BEEFALO farm. We raise some row crops for the fun of it, but primarily operate as intensive rotational 100% GRASS-FED BEEF Producers and pasture DUROC Pig’s too!
Bloat In Cattle
M.B. Irsik, DVM, MAB, University of Florida
Bloat is the abnormal accumulation of gas in the ruminal forestomachs. Three categories of bloat are (1) frothy bloat caused by diets that lead to the formation of a stable froth or foam in the rumen, (2) free gas bloat caused by diets that lead to excessive gas production and concomitant low intraruminal pH, and (3) free gas bloat caused by failure to eructate from extraruminal causes of gas accumulation such as esophageal obstruction. When bloating occurs, these gases cannot escape, and they continue to build up and cause severe distention of the abdomen, compression of the heart and lungs, and eventually death.
Feeding Coproducts of the Ethanol Industry to Beef Cattle
Greg Lardy, Extension Beef Cattle Specialist, Department of Animal and Range Sciences
Ethanol industry coproducts, such as dried distillers grains plus solubles, wet distillers grains plus solubles and condensed distillers solubles (syrup) are becoming increasingly available as the ethanol industry expands. The purpose of this publication is to provide information on the feeding value of these coproducts for beef cattle and give cattle producers guidelines for their use in beef cattle rations.
What is the benefit to the CAFO owner/operator of having an NPDES permit?
Because the Clean Water Act (CWA) prohibits discharges from unpermitted CAFOs, permit coverage (under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, or NPDES) provides certainty to CAFO operators regarding activities and actions that are necessary to comply with the Clean Water Act.