Indiana Beef Herd Tests Negative for Tuberculosis
INDIANAPOLIS (18 December 2008)—A Southeastern Indiana beef herd has tested negative for bovine tuberculosis (commonly called “TB,” or more formally known as Mycobacterium bovis). The herd is linked to a cow that tested positive for the disease in late November through routine testing at a meat processing facility in Pennsylvania.
The investigation continues, as veterinarians with the Indiana State Board of Animal Health (BOAH) persist in their efforts to identify the source of the disease. More information will be released as it becomes available.
About Bovine TB
Bovine tuberculosis is a chronic bacterial disease that affects primarily cattle, but can be transmitted to any warm-blooded animal. TB is difficult to diagnose through clinical signs alone, because in the early stages of the disease, clinical signs are not visible. Later, signs may include: emaciation, lethargy, weakness, anorexia, low-grade fever and pneumonia with a chronic, moist cough. Lymph node enlargement may also be present. Cattle owners who notice these signs in their livestock should contact their private veterinarian.
Indiana has held a bovine tuberculosis-free status since 1984 with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Under federal guidelines, that status remains. The last time a Hoosier herd tested positive for the disease was in the 1970s.
More information about the disease and the investigation, as it develops, will be available on the BOAH Web site at: www.boah.in.gov.
BeefTalk: No Least Cost Here
Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist, NDSU Extension Service
As the Temperature Goes Down – The Greater the Sacrifice As the Temperature Goes Down – The Greater the Sacrifice
More cold days will test the skills of hardy beef producers.
Beef production is not for the faint of heart, especially when the temperatures dip to minus 25 to minus 30 degrees. The temperatures (and the wind chill) are the reality check that flesh can get cold very fast and then crack just like glass.
Commercial cattlemen slow to adopt A.I. practices
The Cattle Business Weekly
“While many commercial producers are using artificial insemination (AI) successfully, a whole lot more of them are not,” said University of Nebraska Professor Emeritus Ivan Rush. “Producers cite a lot of different reasons, but it mostly comes down to economics. They don’t believe it pays.”
Develop Heifers With Less Feed
Studies show heifers can be bred at lighter weights without significantly lowering conception rates.
Rising feed costs have beef producers taking a critical look at traditional wisdom that replacement heifers need to weigh 60 to 65% of their mature body weight at breeding.
More recent research indicates heifers may be bred at 50 to 55% of their mature body weight with no significant reduction in conception rates. As an added bonus, feed cost savings may top $20 per animal.
Scientist Advises on Feeding Cows in Cold
Many cow/calf producers are not aware that cold weather brings added nutritional needs for cattle. Or, if they recognize that their cattle are stressed, they aren’t sure how – or what – they should do to offset it.
Cold stress occurs when animals are exposed to weather conditions which put them below their lower critical temperature, says James B. Neel, Extension Beef Cattle Specialist, University of Tennessee. For cattle with a dry winter coat, the lower critical temperature is 32 F. If the coat is extra heavy, that number drops to 18 F. If the normal coat is wet, however, the lower critical temperature may become 60 F.
Pasture and organic cattle
The Daily Gazette
Tuesday, Dec. 23 is your last chance to comment on a proposed U.S. Department of Agriculture rule requiring pasture feeding of cattle being raised organically.
Last October, the USDA proposed amendment to the National Organic Program that would require organic dairy and beef cattle to be pasture fed during the growing season.
Court proceedings delayed in JBS purchase of National
The Greeley Tribune
Court proceedings involving the attempt by JBS S.A. to buy the National Beef Packing Co. have been delayed temporarily.
JBS, National and the U.S. Department of Justice have agreed to stay court proceedings intended to block JBS’s attempts to buy National, a Kansas City, Mo.-based beef packer in an apparent effort to settle the case.
Canada takes its dispute over COOL to the WTO
Peace Country Sun
After months of criticizing the U.S. COOL program, the Canadian government is taking its case against American country-of-origin labelling measures to the World Trade Organization.
Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz and Trade Minister Stockwell Day announced Dec. 1 Canada decided to challenge the program at the WTO rather than under NAFTA because it enables other beef producing countries such as Mexico, Brazil and Australia to join the complaint against the American measures.
Livestock market expert predicts eventual brighter cattle outlook
Little Chicago Review
The take-home message to producers about the looming cattle market from the director of the Livestock Marketing Information Center (LMIC) was advice straight from the Boy Scouts – be prepared.
Yet the edginess of his presentation to the 200-plus attendees at the Beef Production Convention in Torrington was softened by his parting words: “These are not fun times,” said Jim Robb, “but this is not a bad time to be in the cattle business.”
Empowering, Energizing Youth a Key NCBA Accomplishment
Young cattlemen and women were motivated by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) to get more involved in the cattle industry this year, according to the organization’s outgoing president. Andy Groseta, a producer from Cottonwood, Ariz., says the organization saw the need for bringing young people closer to the action and giving them more of a say in their future.
Cautions With Vaccine Administration
Be aware that anaphylactic (allergic) reactions are always possible when administering vaccines and be prepared with at least some epinephrine available.
Recent work has demonstrated that vaccines prepared from gram negative bacteria may contain sufficient amounts of endotoxins to cause clinical problems. Lepto, campylobacter, salmonella, E. coli and pasteurella vaccines could all be potential problems. It has been recommended that not more than two of these products be administered at one time.
Collecting memories, memorabilia of beef industry
Garden City Telegram
To celebrate the state’s 150th birthday in 2011, students and professors at Kansas State University are looking to compile a book, video and podcasts to also celebrate the history of the beef industry in Kansas.
Students who are working on the project want to interview local cattlemen, ranchers, veterinarians, consultants and feed lot owners for their project.
Cattle bedding important for safety
Peace Country Sun
Winter is upon us, and as we get deeper into the cold, it’s time to look at the benefits of bedding cattle. The main type of bedding used is straw, and there should be no shortage of it this year. However, in years when straw is in short supply, a number of other bedding materials have been used, including wood chips, saw dust, peat moss and shredded newsprint.
Man sentenced to 16 months in beef plant case
The Clanton Advertiser
A Georgia businessman involved in a failed $55 million beef plant was sentenced Thursday to 16 months in prison after he pleaded guilty several months ago to illegally contributing to a former Mississippi governor’s campaign.
Robert Moultrie was chairman and chief executive of the Facility Group of Smyrna, Ga. The group managed construction of Mississippi Beef Processors LLC, a cattle plant that closed just three months after it opened in 2004, costing 400 jobs and sticking Mississippi taxpayers with $55 million in state-backed loans.
New vaccine for Johne’s disease
Farm and Dairy
Researchers are making progress in the fight against Johne’s disease. Scientists at Cornell University’s College of Veterinary Medicine recently developed a vaccine that prevents this contagious and often fatal bacterial infection.
Although it could take awhile for the product to be manufactured and approved for on-farm use, the breakthrough is noteworthy.
Baucus on beef
Havre Daily News
Montana’s Sen. Max Baucus said Wednesday he does not know for certain if Vietnam will increase trade with the United States in crops raised in Montana, but that the country’s officials have been receptive to his talking about those issues. “I do feel strongly they will go in that direction,” he said in a telephone press conference from Hanoi. Baucus is in the middle of a nine-day trip to the United Arab Emirates and Vietnam to discuss trade relations.