Indiana Beef Herd Tests Negative for Tuberculosis
INDIANAPOLIS (18 December 2008)—A Southeastern Indiana beef herd has tested negative for bovine tuberculosis (commonly called “TB,” or more formally known as Mycobacterium bovis). The herd is linked to a cow that tested positive for the disease in late November through routine testing at a meat processing facility in Pennsylvania.
The investigation continues, as veterinarians with the Indiana State Board of Animal Health (BOAH) persist in their efforts to identify the source of the disease. More information will be released as it becomes available.
About Bovine TB
Bovine tuberculosis is a chronic bacterial disease that affects primarily cattle, but can be transmitted to any warm-blooded animal. TB is difficult to diagnose through clinical signs alone, because in the early stages of the disease, clinical signs are not visible. Later, signs may include: emaciation, lethargy, weakness, anorexia, low-grade fever and pneumonia with a chronic, moist cough. Lymph node enlargement may also be present. Cattle owners who notice these signs in their livestock should contact their private veterinarian.
Indiana has held a bovine tuberculosis-free status since 1984 with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Under federal guidelines, that status remains. The last time a Hoosier herd tested positive for the disease was in the 1970s.
More information about the disease and the investigation, as it develops, will be available on the BOAH Web site at: www.boah.in.gov.
BeefTalk: No Least Cost Here
Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist, NDSU Extension Service
As the Temperature Goes Down – The Greater the Sacrifice As the Temperature Goes Down – The Greater the Sacrifice
More cold days will test the skills of hardy beef producers.
Beef production is not for the faint of heart, especially when the temperatures dip to minus 25 to minus 30 degrees. The temperatures (and the wind chill) are the reality check that flesh can get cold very fast and then crack just like glass.
Commercial cattlemen slow to adopt A.I. practices
The Cattle Business Weekly
“While many commercial producers are using artificial insemination (AI) successfully, a whole lot more of them are not,” said University of Nebraska Professor Emeritus Ivan Rush. “Producers cite a lot of different reasons, but it mostly comes down to economics. They don’t believe it pays.”
Develop Heifers With Less Feed
Studies show heifers can be bred at lighter weights without significantly lowering conception rates.
Rising feed costs have beef producers taking a critical look at traditional wisdom that replacement heifers need to weigh 60 to 65% of their mature body weight at breeding.
More recent research indicates heifers may be bred at 50 to 55% of their mature body weight with no significant reduction in conception rates. As an added bonus, feed cost savings may top $20 per animal.
Scientist Advises on Feeding Cows in Cold
Many cow/calf producers are not aware that cold weather brings added nutritional needs for cattle. Or, if they recognize that their cattle are stressed, they aren’t sure how – or what – they should do to offset it.
Cold stress occurs when animals are exposed to weather conditions which put them below their lower critical temperature, says James B. Neel, Extension Beef Cattle Specialist, University of Tennessee. For cattle with a dry winter coat, the lower critical temperature is 32 F. If the coat is extra heavy, that number drops to 18 F. If the normal coat is wet, however, the lower critical temperature may become 60 F.
Pasture and organic cattle
The Daily Gazette
Tuesday, Dec. 23 is your last chance to comment on a proposed U.S. Department of Agriculture rule requiring pasture feeding of cattle being raised organically.
Last October, the USDA proposed amendment to the National Organic Program that would require organic dairy and beef cattle to be pasture fed during the growing season.
Court proceedings delayed in JBS purchase of National
The Greeley Tribune
Court proceedings involving the attempt by JBS S.A. to buy the National Beef Packing Co. have been delayed temporarily.
JBS, National and the U.S. Department of Justice have agreed to stay court proceedings intended to block JBS’s attempts to buy National, a Kansas City, Mo.-based beef packer in an apparent effort to settle the case.