Daily Archives: July 11, 2008

Video Feature: Proper Operation of Cattle Squeeze Chutes

Temple Grandin explains the behavior principles of restraining cattle in squeeze chutes to reduce stress and improve animal welfare during veterinary procedures.

Q&A I want to keep a young bull to breed with, but it will be related to some of the herd. Some of the heifers are from the same father.

Dr. Rick Rasby, Professor of Animal Science, Animal Science, University of Nebraska

You can have father-daughter matings in beef cattle, but it is not recommended. This type of breeding practice is called Inbreeding or Closebreeding. Again, this breeding practice is rarely practiced today although it was common in the foundation animals of most breeds. The reason that it is not practiced in most breeding systems today is that closebreeding greatly enhances the chances that recessive genes will appear. This may include reduction in growth rate, fertility, and general vigor. Also, lethal genes and other genetic abnormalities often appear with increased frequency.

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A.I. Technology is Changing Rapidly!!

David Thorbahn, Select Sires, Inc., explains where the practise of artificial insemination is heading in the future. New Tools Coming In Bovine Genetic Development

The Beef Site

The United States has been a leader in the implementation and development of new genetic tools to advance dairy and beef populations. Today, more genetics are exported to countries from the U.S. than from any other major producing country in the world. I would like to give you a brief history of the advances in genetic improvement and introduce to you the new technology in molecular genetics. Then, I would like to explain some of the work currently underway and close by providing you insight into what tools you can expect to improve the health and production of your herd.

Genetic improvement started in the mid-1800s when European breed societies were formed to track parentage and record characteristics in various dairy and beef breeds. The U.S. followed suit a few years later. In addition, during that time late 1800’s and early 1900’s bull rings (syndicates) were formed in Europe and the U.S. to allow dairymen the opportunity to afford and share top sires that had traits they wanted to add to their herds.

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BeefTalk: Cow Size – Calf Value

Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist, NDSU Extension Service

Lot Closeout Lot Closeout

The mushroom season this spring was short. The area is still short on feed and the cow size question remains unanswered.

Like all discussions, the temptation is to set aside the challenges of yesterday and replace them with immediate thoughts. Unfortunately, questions are not answered and yesterday’s challenges eventually will become tomorrow’s problems if unanswered.

Now is a good time to continue the cow size discussion. The stocking rate question simply will become a question of purchasing hay.

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Fly Control Can Be Environmentally Friendly

Heather Smith Thomas

Cattle Today

The battle against flies is constant, but there are ways to reduce the numbers of these costly pests—without pesticides and toxic chemicals. Fly control tactics have changed a lot in the past several decades. After the advent of pesticides, the emphasis was on spraying the premises or use of chemicals on the animals themselves (pour-ons, back rubbers, insecticide ear tags, etc.) but now we realize that some flies are developing resistance to these chemicals, and we’ve also become more concerned with the environment. Use of pesticides can be harmful to beneficial insects as well as the ones we are trying to control.

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John Speer

Some say it comes as no surprise now––

High hopes held a couple of years ago by midwest cattle producers to take part in the processing and sales of their beef products at Tama are gone.

The jobs – 540 meatpackers were laid off in 2004 – vanished with the hopes.

As the court process grinds on into it’s third year, records from U.S. District Court in Cedar Rapids dated July 3 apparently dictate exactly what’s going on with the closed Iowa Quality Beef plant at Tama – and it’s a secret – by court order.

However, Tama Mayor Chris Bearden told The News-Herald Monday night a company has expressed interest in purchasing the plant and using part of the building for purposes not related to meat packing.

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Cattle producers praise Senate efforts

North Texas e-News

Washington, D.C. – Today, sponsors Sen. Tim Johnson, D-S.D., and Sen. Mike Enzi, R-Wyo., along with co-sponsors Sen. Jon Tester, D-Mont., Sen. John Barrasso, R-Wyo., Sen. Claire McCaskill, D-Mo., Sen. Pete Domenici, R-N.M., Sen. Byron Dorgan, D-N.D., Sen. Ken Salazar, D-Colo., and Sen. Wayne Allard, R-Colo., introduced legislation to protect the U.S. from the introduction of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) from Argentina.

The bill prohibits the importation of Argentine ruminants and swine, or any fresh, chilled or frozen meat or product of any ruminant swine born, raised or slaughtered in Argentina until the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture certifies to Congress that every region of Argentina is free of FMD without vaccination.

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