Daily Archives: April 11, 2008

Is Your Dewormer WORKING?

Is Your Dewormer WORKING?

Joe Roybal

Beef Magazine

Anthelmintics (dewormers) are among history’s miracle drugs. Since first introduced in the 1960s, these products have literally helped feed a growing planet by increasing the efficiency and sheer volume of cattle, sheep and goat production.

Much like with antibiotics or Roundup-Ready technology, however, maximum effectiveness is considered to be a fleeting thing. The process of natural selection in the target population eventually leads to lessened effectiveness as populations resistant to the formulations develop over time.


Optimum Cow Size Important for Efficiency

Optimum Cow Size Important for Efficiency

Heather Smith Thomas

Cattle Today

Over the past several decades the average cow on many ranches has increased in frame size, and in recent years some stockmen are realizing that their cattle have become too large to be efficient. Efforts are being made by a growing number of stockmen to get back to a more moderate frame size, and cows that are more profitable—easier to maintain and able to thrive on what the farm or ranch produces, feed-wise. Some seedstock producers, including Kit Pharo (Cheyenne Wells, Colorado) are trying to help commercial cattleman meet more realistic target goals for cow size. Pharo has been developing some very efficient beef-producing bloodlines in the several breeds and composites he offers.


U.S., S. Korea to begin high-level beef trade talks Friday

U.S., S. Korea to begin high-level beef trade talks Friday

Sue Chang


The United States and South Korea will hold high-level talks starting Friday on relaxing regulations on imports of U.S. beef, the Korean Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries said Thursday.


Debris In Pastures Potential Health Risk To Cattle

Debris In Pastures Potential Health Risk To Cattle


Insulation and building debris present in pastures after high winds can cause problems for cattle producers, difficulties that potentially may have a significant effect on animal health and time management costs.

Cattle will eat just about anything that looks interesting in the pasture, cautions Dr. Dave Sparks, Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service veterinarian and area food animal quality and health specialist.

“Producers are going to have to pick up as much debris from their pastures as possible,” he said. “This can be a painstaking, labor-intensive process given the potential amount of small debris.”


Square Bales Need TLC

Square Bales Need TLC

Ed Haag

Angus Beef Bulletin

If you are buying hay for your cattle on a regular basis, it is very likely that you will, at some time, purchase large square one-ton or half-ton bales.

“These are usually used to put up high-quality dairy hay, but some of it that doesn’t make grade for one reason or another ends up being fed to beef cattle,” says Glenn Shewmaker, Extension forage specialist at the University of Idaho. While he hesitates to classify any hay today as a bargain, Shewmaker does believe that the savvy cattleman can purchase some real feed value if he keeps his eyes open and is willing to buy on short notice and in volume.


Cattlemen testify against expanded federal water jurisdiction

Cattlemen testify against expanded federal water jurisdiction

Tom Wray


Randy Smith, representing the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and the Montana Stockgrowers Association testified against expansion of jurisdiction under the Clean Water Act on Wednesday.

The NCBA said that a proposal to the act would strike the word “navigable” from the Clean Water Act’s definition of “waters of the United States,” in theory expanding it to every body of water in the country.


Cattle Feed Byproducts: Storage Considerations

Cattle Feed Byproducts: Storage Considerations


Storage is also a major challenge when using co-products. Since CDS and thin stillage contain a high percentage of moisture, they will gel and freeze in cold temperatures. Storage equipment to prevent these products from freezing is necessary. Storage tanks should either be buried or heated for long-term storage in the winter.

Some of the solids in these products can also separate from the liquid. Therefore, the ability to re-circulate or agitate the tank may also be advantageous for long-term storage.


South Korea, U.S. to meet on beef ahead of summit

South Korea, U.S. to meet on beef ahead of summit


SEOUL, April 10 (Reuters) – South Korea said on Thursday it will meet U.S. officials to discuss American beef exports at the centre of a spat that has cast a shadow over a two-way trade deal and an upcoming U.S. visit by the South’s new president. The United States has called on South Korea to fully open its market to U.S. beef, while officials in Seoul have said they are concerned about the product’s safety after receiving shipments containing banned material.


Lawmaker calls for new USDA approach on animal ID

Lawmaker calls for new USDA approach on animal ID


U.S. regulators trying to develop a livestock tracking system to guard against mad-cow disease and other illnesses have spent too much time and money on the effort while making too little progress, a key lawmaker complained on Wednesday.

Rep. Rosa DeLauro, chair of a House Appropriations subcommittee that oversees the U.S. Agriculture Department, said she was growing more “frustrated” by the department’s efforts on the livestock-tracking system, which is years behind schedule.

DeLauro, a Connecticut Democrat, said she has not determined whether to fund USDA’s 2009 budget request for animal ID. Nearly $130 million in federal money already has been spent, and the Bush administration has proposed another $24 million in its fiscal 2009 budget.


Semen Handling Procedures to Maintain High Quality Semen in All Seasons

Semen Handling Procedures to Maintain High Quality Semen in All Seasons

Mel DeJarnette, reproductive specialist, Select Sires

This is a good time to take a moment to review one of the most basic aspects of the good A.I. program and that’s semen handling. Semen quality is one of the few components of the fertility equation, which the herd owner basically has almost complete control, unfortunately it is one of the most overlooked aspects as well. The handling procedures that ensure high quality semen is maintained from the thaw bath to the cow are pretty simple and straightforward. Make sure frozen straws stay frozen by keeping the canes and canisters as low as possible in the tank below the frost line. And this is facilitated by using long forceps or tweezers to remove the straws, keeping an up-to-date inventory card so we’re not rummaging through the tank to find the bull we want and having enough light to see what we are doing so straws and canes can be found expediently and located and removed and the canisters returned properly to their normal storage location.


BeefTalk: Develop Drought Plan When Cows Are Close

BeefTalk: Develop Drought Plan When Cows Are Close

Kris Ringwall, NDSU Extension Beef Specialist

Producers need a plan should a drought develop.

Dry weather continues to prevail and, despite the fact that a light rain is falling as I write this column, producers need a plan should a drought develop. The fundamental point is that decisions need to be made early on in a drought strategy.

Stocking rate, a function of the number of cattle, acres, available grass and the days needed for grazing, should be up for discussion. Even without dry weather, the stocking rate question needs to be addressed and part of a well-defined grazing management plan.


USDA Meetings Highlight Importance of Prevention in E. coli Battle

USDA Meetings Highlight Importance of Prevention in E. coli Battle


VeriPrime founder and CEO Dr. Scott Crain applauded USDA and its Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) for their leadership in hosting meetings on E. coli in beef today and yesterday (April 9-10, 2008) . VeriPrime agrees with Dr. Richard Raymond, USDA Undersecretary for Food Safety, who said “…now we need bolder, stronger initiatives. The bottom line is, I simply want harmful E. coli out of ground beef — and you all do too, or you wouldn’t be here today.”


Beef Cattle and Forage Crops Field Day scheduled for May 1 near Mound Valley

Beef Cattle and Forage Crops Field Day scheduled for May 1 near Mound Valley

Southwest Farm Press

Kansas State University´s Southeast Agricultural Research Center has scheduled a Beef Cattle and Forage Crops Field Day for Thursday, May 1.

Registration for the event begins at 8:30 a.m. at the center´s Mound Valley Unit 2-1/2 miles west of Mound Valley, Kan., on U.S. Highway 160 (formerly K-96), then 1/4 mile south on Elk Road. The program begins at 9 a.m.


Introduction To Scours

Introduction To Scours


Calf scours causes more financial losses to cow-calf producers than any other health problem in their herds. Calf scours is not a single disease; it is a clinical sign associated with several diseases characterized by diarrhea. Regardless of the cause, diarrhea prevents the absorption of fluids from the intestines; also, body fluids pass from the scouring calfs body into the intestines. A calf is approximately 70 percent water at birth. The scouring calf loses fluids and rapidly dehydrates. In addition, dehydration is associated with loss of essential body chemicals (electrolytes)-sodium and potassium-and the buildup of acid. The scouring calf becomes dehydrated and suffers from electrolyte loss and acidosis. Infectious agents cause the primary damage to the intestine, but death from scours usually results from dehydration, acidosis, and loss of electrolytes.


Beef Cattle Institute at K-State Offering Special Session on Cattle Welfare Through Proper Handling

Beef Cattle Institute at K-State Offering Special Session on Cattle Welfare Through Proper Handling


As part of the International Beef Symposium on Beef Cattle Welfare, offered by the Beef Cattle Institute May 28-30 at Kansas State University, a pre-symposium session will be offered May 28 on cattle welfare through proper cattle handling.

Cattle handling is an important aspect to cattle production. Many producers continually strive to improve handling methods and facilities to decrease the stress of moving cattle in pastures or dry lots.

Dr. Tom Noffsinger, a veterinarian and an independent feedlot, facility design and stockmanship consultant, believes there are five freedoms that must be given to cattle on a daily basis. These are freedom from hunger and thirst, environmental stress, disease, anxiety and injury.