Finish Weights Affect Feedlot Value
Every Angus breeder should have a good understanding of cattle-feeding economics. Breeders who market bulls to commercial cattlemen are providing important genetic inputs for the production of our industry’s feedlot-finished steers and heifers. There is, of course, only one generation between the bulls you sell and the feeder calves your customer sends into the beef supply chain.
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Managing the Dystocia Calf
By Geni Wren
Dystocia is defined as delayed or difficult parturition. General causes are fetal-maternal size mismatch, fetal malpresentation and maternal-related causes. Meyers et al reported that 50% of still-births were a direct result of dystocia. A slight calving problem increased the odds of stillbirth by 2.91 in heifers and 4.67 in multi-parous cows. More difficult calvings caused a stillborn in heifers to be 6.76 times more likely and 11.36 times more likely in multiparous cows. In 1996, Wells et al reported that a dystocia requiring forced extraction, compared with unassisted calving, was 4.22 times more likely to result in heifer-calf death within the first 21 days of life.
Trent Loos: Ending of an era
High Plains Journal
Labeling it the “Ending of an Era,” on April 11, the final livestock sale will be held at the South Saint Paul Stockyards in Minnesota. No one in agriculture, whether in livestock production or otherwise, can hear about this without feeling some level of regret. Originally built in 1886, the stockyards once covered 260 acres and today consists of a mere 27. Farmers who now use the facility must deal with suburban America in order to make their way to the market destination. You can understand why it makes sense to close such a historic part of American livestock history from a logistical standpoint.
No Humanity in Humane Slaughter Law
With meat recalls due to bacterial contamination and the horrific handling and slaughtering of downer cows making headlines in recent months, consumers are increasingly aware of some of the problems occurring behind slaughterhouse doors.
But new documentation reveals how dire the situation really is. The Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) has released the first report of its kind to analyze humane slaughter enforcement at state, federal and foreign slaughterhouses.
Drawing from over 1,000 documents obtained from sources including 60 public records requests to federal and state agriculture departments from 2002 to 2007, the report exposes the lack of sound enforcement at plants throughout the United States and across the globe.
The Best Place to Feed Cattle: The Economics of Feeding Cattle in the Northern Plains†
Darrell R. Mark‡
Prior to the 1970s, Iowa ranked first in the number of cattle on feed (see slide 2). Since then, the commercial cattle feeding industry grew rapidly in Texas, Kansas, and Nebraska. Southern Plains (Texas and Kansas) cattle feeding in particular grew due to improved feeding performance resulting from more favorable weather and lower energy costs for steam flaking corn. These advantages were sufficient to offset transportation costs for relatively inexpensive corn imported from the Corn Belt. As corn prices reach sustained higher levels due to ethanol production in the Corn Belt and cattle feeders can utilize distillers grains as a value-added feed, the competitive advantage of Southern Plains feeders has, to some degree, been eroded. The extent to which a structural change occurs and cattle on feed numbers appreciably grow in the Northern Plains will depend on several factors, especially cost of gain and feeding performance.
USDA Renews Fight to Eliminate Johne’s Disease
The USDA’s Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES) has renewed its efforts against Johne’s Disease by awarding $4.8 million over four years to a programme designed to control and eradicate the disease.
“Johne’s is a serious disease affecting large numbers of beef and dairy cattle and accounts for more than $200 million in economic losses,” said Gale Buchanan, USDA under secretary for Research, Education and Economics. “The continuation of this research will help develop practical solutions to ensure a safe and healthy food supply and stable economy.”
The continuation of this research will help develop practical solutions to ensure a safe and healthy food supply and stable economy.
Johne’s disease (pronounced “YO-knees”) is an intestinal infection caused by bacteria most often seen in ruminant animals. It causes weight loss, decreased milk production and reduced fertility. Current estimates indicate that up to 70 percent of U.S. dairy herds, and a smaller percent of beef herds, are infected with the disease.
Customize Your Breeding Program
Mel DeJarnette, Select Sires Reproduction Specialist
Prostaglandin based breeding programs are known by many names. “Controlled Breeding”, “Target Breeding”, and “Monday Morning Breeding” are the more popular names with which you may be familiar. Although known by many names, don’t let that confuse you. The foundation of all these programs is a common basic principle which involves the systematic use of prostaglandins to improve reproductive efficiency in dairy herds.