Calf Scours: Causes and Treatment
Don Hansen, Extension Veterinarian, Oregon State University
There are several causes of disease and death in newborn calves. In many locations, the leading causes of beef-calf deaths are related to difficult births (dystocia). After that, however, the most common calfhood problems are infectious diseases. Of these, scours, or diarrhea, which occurs within the first several days of life, is the single most important cause of calf sickness and death in the United States. Almost no herd goes through a calving season without some scours. In severe outbreaks, the effects of scours in an individual herd can be overwhelming. Illness may occur in 70 percent of calves born and death may occur in 50 percent.
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Winter Tetany – Frequently Asked Questions
Ropin’ the Web
What is Winter Tetany?
Winter tetany is a metabolic condition caused by lower than average blood magnesium (Mg) levels. This condition occurs when cattle consume poor quality hay or straw, that contain low levels of magnesium, or good quality cereal greenfeed or silage with high levels of potassium (K). High levels of potassium in the diet reduces the absorption of magnesium and calcium (Ca). Cattle depend upon a continual daily supply of magnesium and calcium from the digestive tract to maintain normal blood concentrations. Often in Alberta winter tetany is associated with feeding grain and straw or greenfeed based rations that contain low or borderline calcium and magnesium, and high potassium levels compared to the cow’s requirements.
Twelve Tricks For A More Effective 2008
Have you ever reached the end of a day, month or year, and set back and asked where all the time went? I’m guessing you started out with a definite “to-do” list and despite the fact you were busy and productive all day, your list was essentially the same size at day’s end. You spent your time, you just didn’t spend it on accomplishing your projects.
Life has many distractions. While some are unavoidable, a good number can be reduced. Experts say that identifying the most frequent sources of distractions in your day is the start of lowering their impact on your daily life.
Income Tax Rules For Weather Related Sales Of Livestock
Weather often raise havoc with the income stream on a farm. This year’s drought is no exception as livestock farmers wrestle with short feed supplies coupled with substantial increases in feed costs. A common response is to reduce herd size by selling more livestock than in a normal year. However, this has the potential of creating dramatically higher taxable income. To assist farmers with leveling such taxable income spikes, the federal tax code has two provisions (elections) that address the issue of increased income when forced to sell more livestock than normal because of a weather related situation.
Proposed ban on packer-owned cattle divides ranchers
NCBA calls limit unfair, R-CALF says it will improve competition
Like many a package under the Christmas tree, the Senate’s recent passage of the Farm, Nutrition and Bioenergy Act of 2007 didn’t please all members of the cattle industry.
Like the version passed by the House of Representatives (H.R. 2419) earlier this summer, the Senate farm bill contains some improvements for cattlemen, including a provision allowing interstate shipment of state-inspected meat. The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association strongly supports the provision as a way for state-regulated businesses to better compete and for cattle producers and small local businesses to boost market-branded beef products.
It also improved “country-of-origin labeling” for which groups such as the Ranchers-Cattlemen Action Legal Fund/United Stockgrowers of America have lobbied hard. The so-called “COOL” law becomes mandatory in September.
Cattlemen want to throttle back biofuel
NCBA urges focus on sustainable energy independence
Jimmy’s cracking corn for biofuels is hardly drawing apathy among members of the cattle industry.
The National Cattlemen’s Beef Association is the latest industry group to air concerns as Congress completes energy legislation mandating that 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels be produced by 2022, with 15 billion gallons of fuel coming from grain-based sources such as corn.
The bill differs from the current Renewable Fuel Standard, which calls for production of 7.5 billion gallons by 2012 – a significantly more manageable mark than the 36 billions gallons mandated by the new bill, NCBA spokesmen said.
NCBA members have adopted policy opposing increasing this government mandate.
Beef cattle conference scheduled
The annual Northwest Oklahoma Beef Cattle Conference has been set for Jan. 8, 2008 at the Major County Fairgrounds in Fairview and Jan. 9, 2008 at the Woods County Fairgrounds in Alva.
The conference offers area cattle producers the opportunity to learn what to expect in the upcoming year as they listen to presentations given by professionals from the OSU Extension service, which sponsors the conference.