Daily Archives: August 13, 2007

Ohio Beef Newsletter Available

The August 8, issue # 548, of the Ohio BEEF Cattle letter is now posted to the web at: http://fairfield.osu.edu/ag/beef/beefAgst8.html

With a few showers scattering around Ohio in recent weeks, now’s the time to think about beginning  the forage “stockpiling” process with a timely application of nitrogen. Read more in this week’s letter.

And . . . don’t forget to stop by the OCA Steak Barn outside Voinovich between 10:30 and 3 tomorrow (August 9) . . . under the guidance of one Francis Fluharty, the OSU Beef Team will be at your service!!!!!!!!

Articles include:
* Forage Focus: Stockpiling Fescue
* Harvesting ‘Forage Oats’ . . . When and How?
* Electric Fence Review
* Distillers Grains Fact Sheet Now Posted On-line
* Make Your Reservations for the OCA Roundup Today
* Weekly Roberts Agricultural Commodity Market Report

Stan Smith
Program Assistant, Agriculture
OSU Extension, Fairfield County
831 College Ave., Suite D
Lancaster, OH 43130

e-mail:  smith.263@osu.edu
voice:   740.653.5419 ext. 24
fax:      740.687.7010
Fairfield Co. OSU Extension – http://fairfield.osu.edu
OSU Beef Team – http://beef.osu.edu

Implant Strategies for Grid Marketed Cattle

Implant Strategies for Grid Marketed Cattle

Court Campbell, Ph.D., Fort Dodge Animal Health


With the introduction of grids back a few years ago, the job description of the feed yard manager/owner changed. For sure, the duties and responsibilities didn’t decline. Along with the duties and responsibilities you had back in the 80’s and early 90’s, you were also given the task of maximizing cattle profitability based on what you thought a set of cattle looked like under the hide.


What is Age and Source Verification?

What is Age and Source Verification?

Scott P. Greiner, John B. Hall, and Laura Marks Department of Animal & Poultry Sciences, VA Tech

Age and Source Verification has been a topic of increasing interest in the beef industry, as the Japanese and other foreign markets have reopened to US beef.  Beef export regulations have clearly defined the meaning of Age and Source Verification, as age and source claims must by documented and verified through a recognized USDA program.  These programs include the USDA Process Verified Program (PVP) or a USDA Quality System Assessment (QSA).


Future of Montana’s cattle industry could depend on negotiation

Future of Montana’s cattle industry could depend on negotiation

High Plains Journal

HELENA, Montana (AP)–The future of Montana’s cattle industry could depend on negotiations between the U.S. government and a ranching couple.

Ranchers and livestock groups from around the United States are anxiously watching talks between Jim and Sandy Morgan and federal officials over the couple’s quarantined cattle herd.

Seven cows from their ranch tested positive for the cattle disease brucellosis in May, and Montana could lose its coveted brucellosis-free status if the herd is not slaughtered within 60 days of that discovery–or by July 17.

Brucellosis, which causes pregnant cows to abort their calves, was widely eradicated from livestock in the last century but has persisted in wildlife such as elk and bison.


Drought Management Strategies for Beef Cattle

Drought Management Strategies for Beef Cattle

Johnny Rossi and Robert Stewart, Extension Animal Scientists, university of Georgia

Drought conditions are a yearly occurrence in Georgia and every cattleman should have a plan in place to minimize the effects of drought on the farm’s finances. Drought conditions can cause several problems such as reduced pregnancy rates, lower milk production which lowers weaning weights, and loss of body condition of the cow, which leads to a higher supplementation bill in the winter. Animals must be supplemented with purchased feeds if adequate animal performance is going to be achieved. Supplemental feeding will add to the cost of production. Therefore, supplemental feed costs need to be kept as low as possible and feed purchased should be kept to a minimum.


Prussic Acid Poisoning

Prussic Acid Poisoning

Dr. Charlie Stoltenow, Extension Veterinarian

Dr. Greg Lardy, Extension Beef Specialist

Prussic acid, cyanide, or hydrocyanic acid are all terms relating to the same toxic substance. It is one of the most rapidly acting toxins which affects mammals. Cyanide is a lethal ingredient that has been used in rodent and vermin killers.

Understanding Prussic Acid Poisoning

A number of common plants may accumulate large quantities of prussic acid (cyanogenic compounds). Sorghums and related species readily accumulate these compounds. These cyanogenic compounds are located in epidermal cells (outer tissue) of the plant, while the enzymes which enable prussic acid production are located in the mesophyll cells (leaf tissue).

Any event that causes the plant cell to rupture allowing the cyanogenic compound and the enzyme to combine will produce prussic acid. Plant cells can be ruptured by cutting, wilting, freezing, drought, crushing, trampling, chewing, or chopping. Once plants containing prussic acid have been consumed, the toxin rapidly enters the blood stream and is transported throughout the body of the animal. Prussic acid inhibits oxygen utilization by the cells in the animal’s body. In essence, the animal suffocates. Ruminant animals (cattle and sheep) are more susceptible to prussic acid poisoning than non-ruminant animals because the ruminal microorganisms have enzymes which will release prussic acid in the animal’s digestive tract.


Issues concerning criminal tax evasion

Issues concerning criminal tax evasion

Western Livestock Journal

For people in the farming and livestock industries, the main worry in an IRS audit is the hobby loss rule and whether certain farm losses will be allowed as tax deductions. For some people, however, in all walks of life, a greater concern exists: the possibility of being indicted for tax evasion. Under Section 7201 of the Internal Revenue Code, it is a federal crime for anyone to willfully attempt to evade or defeat the payment of federal income taxes. By “attempt,” the statute means that the individual knew or should have known that he had taxable income which he was required by law to report during the tax years involved, but failed to report the income.

Many people manage to elude authorities by channeling money into banks located in offshore tax havens such as the Bahamas, where banking privacy laws make it extremely difficult for the IRS to get information.