Daily Archives: May 22, 2007

Embryo Transfer Becoming More Popular with Producers

Embryo Transfer Becoming More Popular with Producers

by: Stephen B. Blezinger, Ph.D, PAS

Cattle Today

Part 1

Embryo transfer in cattle has recently gained considerable popularity with seedstock dairy and beef producers. While most modern applicable embryo transfer technology was developed in the 1970s and 1980s, the history of the procedure goes back considerably farther. Walter Heape performed the first embryo transfer in Angora rabbits in 1890. Embryo transfer in food animals began in the 1930s with sheep and goats, but it was not until the 1950s that successful embryo transfers were reported in cattle and pigs by Jim Rowson at Cambridge, England.


The “Risks” in High Risk Cattle

The “Risks” in High Risk Cattle

by Marc Roth, M.S. P.A.S.

Feedlot Magazine

The term high risk cattle is nearly as old as the feeding industry itself and yet its definition or components are vague to many. While we could probably get agreement in the general definition that high risk denotes an expectation of an increased animal health challenge, we would find divergence if asking questions such as “Which cattle are high risk?” or “What are the costs associated with high risk cattle?” If we are in the feeding business, then we are also in the business of deciding what animals to put on feed. We look at the relationships between weight, sex, price, futures markets, season, and expected production costs. We likely have a mental adjustment for sale barn vs country origin and perhaps others; but do we have the true value difference? What are our criteria? Is it maximizing profit potential or do certain biases come into the equation – heifers, horns, Holsteins, etc?


Biting flies problem for cattle

Biting flies problem for cattle

By Mike Surbrugg

The Joplin Globe

MOUND VALLEY, Kan. — Fescue may not be the only reason cattle stand in ponds.

They may do so to protect their legs from biting stable flies that have their highest numbers in May and early June, according to Alberto Broce, Kansas State University livestock insect entomologist, who spoke at a beef cattle and forage program on May 3.

Stable flies are a problem not only in dairies and other confined animal feeding operations, but also reduce weight gains in pastured beef cattle, Broce said.

To avoid stable flies, cattle stomp their feet, swish tails, stand in water, rest with their legs tucked under them or bunch at corners of pastures.

Chemical controls can be applied on cattle legs but that brings only temporary relief because it is removed as cattle walk through pastures, he said.


Ethanol, poor winter forage keep U.S. cattle herd static

Ethanol, poor winter forage keep U.S. cattle herd static

by Peter Shinn

Brownfield Network

Abundant rains this spring helped pasture and forage conditions improve over much of cattle country. But it came too late to boost the U.S. cattle inventory this year.

That’s according to the latest livestock, dairy and poultry outlook from USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS). The ERS report says heavy cow and calf slaughter, early placement of cattle in feedlots, probable reduced heifer retention due to poor forage and high grain prices from ethanol, will all combine to, most likely keep the U.S. cattle herd steady this year.

But ERS expects U.S. beef exports to increase in the second half of this year and into 2008. The reason? Expectations for increased access to Asian markets for U.S. beef.

Pre-Harvest Factors Affecting Beef Tenderness in Heifers

Pre-Harvest Factors Affecting Beef Tenderness in Heifers

Prepared for the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association By J. D. Tatum, S. L. Gruber, and B. A. Schneider Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University

Although the list of various factors that influence food purchase decisions continues to grow, “taste” remains the primary reason that many consumers make beef their food of choice for a pleasurable dining experience. Experimental market research has shown that beef consumers equate eating quality (tenderness, flavor, juiciness) with value and that superior eating quality not only increases the likelihood that consumers will purchase beef, but also increases the prices they are willing to pay to obtain the level of eating satisfaction they desire.1-4 Consequently, producing beef that consistently delivers a satisfactory eating experience builds consumer demand and adds value to cattle.


American Royal Announces 2007 Livestock Show Dates and Deadlines

American Royal Announces 2007 Livestock Show Dates and Deadlines


KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI – Junior and open show livestock exhibitors from around the nation will fill the American Royal complex in Kansas City for six days of exhibitions, sales and camaraderie during the 108th American Royal Livestock Show Oct.17-22.  After a record-breaking event in 2006, where more than 2,200 head of animals were shown by exhibitors from 35 states, the American Royal staff and volunteer committees are gearing up for what promises to be a great event in 2007. 

With summer schedules in full swing, be sure and remember the important DNA and ownership deadlines for this fall’s livestock show. Youth exhibitors interested in exhibiting market hogs, sheep, steers and goats must submit DNA samples to the American Royal office no later than August 1. In addition, all junior market animals and junior heifers must be owned by the exhibitor by August 1 and must remain in that exhibitor’s name until the day of the show. DNA request forms and the 2007 American Royal premium book are available at http://www.americanroyal.com. It is important to remember that submission of DNA does not constitute an entry in the show.

The 2007 entry deadline for all open and junior shows is Sept. 1. Please direct any questions regarding the livestock show to Chelsea Frost at (816) 569-4054 or chelseaf@americanroyal.com. All of the latest American Royal announcements, including the summer livestock newsletter and a list of judges for the 2007 shows are available online at http://www.americanroyal.com. 

The American Royal, a not-for-profit 501c3 organization that benefits youth and education, is now in its 108th year and celebrates the region’s rich agricultural heritage through competition, education and entertainment.  In 2006, the organization contributed more than $1.3 million in financial support in the form of scholarships, educational awards, educational programs, community donations, competitive awards and prize monies and premiums.

Highlighting the livestock show in 2007 will be the presentation of the Stanley E. Stout Memorial Supreme Heifer Scholarships and the American Royal Junior Premium Auction. The American Royal, one of Kansas City’s premier fall events with annual economic impact of more than $62 million, hosts the world’s largest barbecue contest, one of the Midwest’s largest livestock exhibitions, one of the top five ranked rodeos in the nation and is home of national championship horse competition. For more information visit http://www.americanroyal.com.

Cattle Update: Producers Should Make Natural Beef Decision Now

Cattle Update: Producers Should Make Natural Beef Decision Now


Producers thinking about raising their new calves the natural way need to make that decision now, according to North Dakota State University beef experts.

That’s because what producers feed, implant or apply on their animals could affect the cattle’s eligibility to be sold as naturally raised.

The definition of “natural” primarily is a marketing issue, says Greg Lardy, NDSU Extension Service beef cattle specialist.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture doesn’t have guidelines on how cattle are raised for beef marketing purposes. Its definition of natural focuses on the meat product. The USDA requires meat to be only minimally processed, which means processing doesn’t fundamentally alter the raw product.