Mineral Supplements for Beef Cattle
Chad Hale and K.C. Olson
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri
Beef cattle require a number of dietary mineral elements for normal bodily maintenance, growth, and reproduction. Minerals that are required in relatively large amounts are called major or macro elements. Those needed in small amounts are classified as micro, minor, or trace minerals. These terms, however, have no relationship to the metabolic importance of a mineral in the diet. A trace mineral can be as essential to the health and performance of an animal as a major mineral. The major minerals include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, chlorine and sulfur. Among those needed in trace amounts are iron, zinc, manganese, copper, iodine, cobalt and selenium.
Marketing Toolbox Contains many Useful Components
by: Clifford Mitchell
Time and time again, we are reminded cattlemen often do just fine at their job. The production arm of the system can thrive in almost any conditions, with the availability of resources that will get the job done. Skilled operators make adjustments to the program to fight drought, winter storms and unforeseen changes in input cost. Even though producers can survive with that same tractor for another year or cull heavily when it’s dry, lack of time or experience can leave dollars on the table when it’s time to market what they worked so hard to produce.
In production agriculture, it is often the marketing department that fails the firm. After all, calving cows, preparing fields for crops or making sure the hay meadow is fertilized and ready to produce maximum yields are a full time job. The marketing model has been created for seedstock producers. There is no reason to reinvent the wheel. Tailor the marketing program to your strengths and borrow ideas from colleagues in the business. Sure differences exist, but the fundamentals are the same.
Agricultural site to link buyers, sellers
MarketMaker to be launched this summer
“Larry” is a cattle producer who would like to sell his beef to high-end consumers. “Ingrid” makes wine jelly and would like to locate a company to can the jelly and place her labels on the jars. “David” is a chef at a French restaurant, who would like to buy fresh, organic ingredients. “Sam” would like to shop at farmers’ markets, but isn’t sure how to find them.
Hypothetically, they could turn to the Internet for help. “Larry” could go to the Pride of New York Web site and search the member database or “Sam” could search Google for farms in his area. However, the information is spread out among a variety of different Web sites and those sites are often hard to navigate.
Or, beginning this summer, they could visit the MarketMaker Web site for New York state. The interactive mapping system locates businesses and markets of agricultural products. It is designed to provide free information to farmers, grocery stores, restaurants, processors, consumers and others.
Ranchers left on the horns of a dilemma
Antelope brought to Texas grow into a big problem
BROWNSVILLE, Texas // South Texas ranchers brought nilgai antelope from a California zoo decades ago, when it became fashionable to stock their sprawling acreage with exotic quarry.
These days the species native to India and Pakistan are not so much a rarity in South Texas as a nuisance. For cattle ranchers, they are a possible nemesis, threatening to spread a deadly tick to the herds. Federal wildlife officials say the nilgai compete with native Rio Grande Valley species for food and trample the brush they are trying so hard to preserve.
Factory farms debate heats up near Rochester
Group aims to stop hog feeding operation
Springfield Journal Register(IL)
It’s a social, economic and cultural juxtaposition that sparks controversy in Illinois and other states: The rights of farmers to earn a living from “concentrated animal feeding operations,” also known as factory farms, versus the rights of nearby residents to not have to face diminished property values and potential environmental and health problems such farms can pose.
Concentrated animal feeding operations – or CAFO – can include more than 3,000 head of livestock fed and raised inside a specially built facility.
Ohio prisoners turn cows into cash, responsibility
Once the cows have been beheaded, the workers use power saws to split the animals into halves.
Farther down the assembly line, they use knives sharp enough to stab through cutting boards to carve meat off the bones of the carcasses.
Just a typical, blood-splattered slaughterhouse, where in about two days a cow is reduced to hamburger patties.
Typical until you consider who the workers using these dangerous tools are: Ohio prison inmates serving time for crimes as serious as murder.
“It really is a unique environment. If you think about it, we’re actually handing the inmates weapons every day,” said Warden Jim Erwin of Pickaway Correctional Institution in Orient, south of Columbus, where the slaughterhouse is.
The big, dirty list
By Wes Smalling | For The New Mexican
April 28, 2007
When you think of water pollution, you might picture industrial waste, chemicals, sewage or some type of toxic sludge pouring out of an old rusty pipe into a river.
That’s the kind of water pollution you’ll typically find in the Eastern United States. It’s usually easy to detect and to stop: There’s the sludge, there’s the pipe it’s pouring out of that should be turned off, and there’s the offender who should be fined.
But in New Mexico and other Western states, it’s a very different story. Almost all water pollution in the West comes from the activities of animals and people. The sources are difficult to identify, even harder to stop, and almost impossible to issue fines for to the responsible parties.