The April 25, issue # 534, of the Ohio BEEF Cattle letter is now posted to the web at: http://fairfield.osu.edu/ag/beef/beefApril25.html
The past couple of weeks we’ve experienced server problems on Campus and some of you might not have received this direct link to the weekly letter. Keep in mind the current week’s letter along with archived issues may always be accessed at the OSU Beef Team web site: http://beef.osu.edu
This week, Mark Sulc offers his thoughts on forage management in light of the difficult winter weather we experienced followed by the early April freezes.
Articles this week include:
* Heterosis . . . Hype or Legit?
* Ethanol Matters! And So Does Every Week
* Forage Focus: Freeze Injury on Forages is Variable Across the State
* Plant Your Forages Now!
* Stand Establishment Problems in Late 2006 Summer Seeded Alfalfa
Program Assistant, Agriculture
OSU Extension, Fairfield County
831 College Ave., Suite D
Lancaster, OH 43130
Poisoned Pet Food May Have Entered Human Food Supply Via Hogs
Salvaged pet food contaminated with an industrial chemical was fed to hogs in as many as six states, federal health officials said Tuesday. It was not immediately clear if any of the hogs entered the food supply for humans.
Food safety officials have quarantined hogs at farms in California, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Utah and possibly Ohio. The urine of hogs in some states has tested positive for the chemical, melamine, the Food and Drug Administration said.
Cattle Heath: Clinical BVD Infections In Bulls
Three types of BVD infections have been documented in bulls. 1) PI bulls continually shed a lot of virus in their semen and will infect most cows that they breed as well as their calves. About 1% of bulls are PI’s. The virus from these bulls can survive freezing and acts as a source of infection for cows during insemination. They have variable fertility. 2) Acute infected bulls shed much less than PI bulls after about 10 days post infection.
A Trek Upward
Quality takes years of continued focus.
by Miranda Reiman
Reeves and Betsy Brown use their resources wisely. From grass and water to advice and information, the Beulah, Colo., ranchers take advantage of all the information they can get to make their operation more profi table.
“We’ve got quite a few of the things we need to get a fi rst-class carcass,” Reeves says. “We just need to move this in the right direction and keep pushing.”
As 10-year members of U.S. Premium Beef (USPB), the Browns have set their goal on quality. Specifi cally, they want to reduce mature cow size while increasing percent Choice and lowering yield grades (YG).
Value-Added Ag Grants Available
Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns has announced the availability of $19.5 million to help independent agricultural producers enter into value-added activities. Potential uses include a wide range of products that enhance the revenue stream generated from crops and other production. Examples include conversion to organic production, processing of raw commodities to a finished product, and the conversion of farm crops to create renewable energy sources.
“These grants are a vital tool to help support rural businesses, create new markets for agricultural products and help the United States become more energy independent,” Johanns said. “They represent the exciting new direction we’re proposing for the energy and rural development titles of a new farm bill this year.”
The deadline for applications is May 16. An application guide and other materials may be obtained at http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/rbs/coops/vadg.htm or by contacting the applicant’s U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Rural Development State Office.
Further information on rural programs is available at a local USDA Rural Development office or by visiting USDA’s web site at http://www.rurdev.usda.gov.
By Rachel Wulf
If you’re puzzling over your future role in a changing beef industry, your answer may be a niche market, one that allows you to differentiate your product and garner more attention, and hopefully more dollars.
One such avenue might be the “natural” route, which was the subject of a recent South Dakota State University (SDSU) workshop entitled “Matching Cattle to Markets: A Natural Approach.”
Such a program, if it fits for your cattle and management style, can bring some hefty premiums over conventionally raised beef. But it entails weighing the added production and management costs resulting from the inability to use certain growth-enhancing products.
How Nutrition Affects the Beef You Sell and the Manure You Haul
Dr. Steven C. Loerch, The Ohio State University
Crop production captures energy and nutrients from sun and soil over an extensive land mass. Expansion and consolidation of the cattle feeding industry concentrates these nutrients in a relatively small area. This results in an uncoupling of livestock production from crop production. In other words, more nutrients are imported to the feedlot and less manure is distributed back to the land that produced these nutrients. The primary nutrients of concern are nitrogen (N) and phosphorous (P). This paper will discuss how cattle nutrition affects the generation of manure, N, and P in the feedlot. In addition to nutrients not captured in animal products, nutrition affects the composition and characteristics of the beef produced. Value based marketing of cattle dictates that carcass characteristics play a bigger roll in determining profitability. This paper will discuss how nutritional strategies affect carcass characteristics that drive profitability.