Cloning Allows Breeders to Capitalize on Elite Genetics
by: Clifford Mitchell
Most in the beef business will agree it’s a quality of life that brings people back to the farm. More importantly, it is the drive in each that braves drought, snow storms and other road blocks to create the best product. This inner competitive nature is willing to take the challenge to breed a better animal. It is this kindred spirit that approaches the task at hand with a “blue collar” effort and CEO’s mind.
Since barb wire allowed breeders to segregate their herds, cattlemen have been willing to employ new methods to improve the stock. British breeds crossed with indigenous Longhorn cattle were the first step to genetic improvement, but at a very slow pace. The Continentals came across the big water and revolutionized the industry. It still was not good enough for a group of fast charging quick thinkers.
Cattle Health: Subclinical BVD Infections
Approximately 95% of the animals that become infected with the BVD virus do not develop signs of disease that are directly caused by the virus, however, the BVD infection causes the animal’s resistance to other infections to be reduced. This reduction in resistance quite often falls to below the threshold of a secondary disease challenge and sickness results. The clinical signs in these cases would depend upon the nature of the secondary infection. These infections quite often are not recognized as being initiated by the BVD virus. For example, when the BVD virus infects the lungs of calves, the virus causes little or no disease.
However, the virus interferes with the ability of the lungs to rid themselves of bacteria that are found routinely in the respiratory tract. The bacteria can then begin to multiply in the lungs and eventually reach a disease threshold.
Promoting With Passion
By Kim Souza
THE MORNING NEWS (AR)
Wendy Pettz is busy.
She helps her husband, Robert, run a small trucking operation from the couple’s Huntsville home. With her mobile phone in hand, a fax machine and a computer nearby, she looks after 30 or so head of registered Brangus cattle, keeps watch over 42,000 chickens and still finds time to rock her 6-month-old grandson, Caden, to sleep for his afternoon nap.
Cattle producers warned to watch for grass tetany
Rapid City Journal
With recent much-needed moisture, grass will grow rapidly and can cause grass tetany in cattle, Extension livestock officials are warning cattle producers.
Grass tetany is a metabolic disorder that is associated with lush pastures due to low levels of blood magnesium concentration, which results in nerve impulse failure in the animals, according to Adele Gelvin, South Dakota State University Extension livestock educator based in Philip.
Corn prices crimping cattle producers
By Lamar James
Arkansas Extension Specialist
Delta Farm Press
Corn farmers are enjoying the high prices corn is bringing as ethanol production continues to siphon off a sizeable chunk of the U.S. corn crop, but cattle producers are taking an economic hit, said Tom Troxel, professor/beef cattle specialist University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service.
“Their costs are really increasing,” Troxel said of beef and dairy producers. “The high cost of corn is cutting into their profits.”
Rebecca Thomas, Grant County, Ark., Extension staff chair, said producers have been clobbered from several directions. “My cattle producers have been hit hard by drought last summer, which reduced their hay for the winter; high fertilizer costs, high fuel costs and high grain costs,” she said. “Most are part-time cattle producers with primary jobs somewhere else.”
Collecting Forage Samples for Feed Analysis
Ropin’ The Web
Forages provide energy, proteins, minerals vitamins and fibers in cattle diets. Many factors (e.g. variety, maturity, growing conditions, drought, floods, handling practices, storage, etc.) affect forage quality prior to the time it is fed.
Crops grown under drought conditions may have lower fiber levels, may accumulate toxic nutrient levels (e.g. nitrates) or they may have higher than normal potassium levels and lower magnesium levels. As a result predicting forage quality values from standard nutrition books or computer ration programs often grossly overestimates or underestimates the feeding value.
Cattle Preconditioning Forum: Weaning Ration/Nutritional Program
The most important part of a nutrition program at weaning is to get some feed into the calf as soon as possible and stimulate intake of a balanced ration to build immunity and combat illness. Hay isn’t enough to provide sufficient nutrients to accomplish this but it is extremely important in achieving initial consumption and introducing feedstuffs in the feedbunk. Hay quality should not be compromised in the starting phase. Form and placement of hay is very important in encouraging maximum intake of feed by new cattle. Free-choice access to hay allows the calves to establish a normal fill prior to grain feed being offered. Loose hay should be fluffed along the entire bunk and scattering some behind the bunk may be useful with very timid calves. Grain mix should be topdressed over fluffed hay so that calves have to dig through the feed to get to the hay. Obviously, you need to provide a very palatable diet balanced for energy, protein, minerals and vitamins. More information on ration formulation will be available in the Nutrition lesson of this course.