Daily Archives: April 3, 2007

Eye Lesions in Cattle

Eye Lesions in Cattle

 Dr. Glen Selk, Oklahoma State University

 Kansas State University veterinarians conducted a cross-sectional evaluation of 100 cattle from a Kansas sale barn.  Their goal was to determine the incidence of eye problems in cattle brought to auctions.  The reasons for the cattle being sold were unknown to the examiners.  All cattle were judged to be in good health.  They found that 47% of the cattle had some type of eye lesion.  In cattle 6 years of age or older, the prevalence was quite high with 69% being inflicted.  Younger cattle (less than 6 years of age) were much less likely to have an eye lesion.  Still 24% of those less than 6 years of age were identified to have an eye lesion.


Cattle Marketing Symposium: What Animal Health Products Are Allowed In “Naturally Raised” Cattle?

Cattle Marketing Symposium: What Animal Health Products Are Allowed In “Naturally Raised” Cattle?


 Different branded programs vary regarding specific products that they allow or disallow in their particular programs. Therefore, it is critical to become familiar with the specific requirements of the programs in which you want to participate.

In general, all antimicrobials, whether administered in feed, water, or by injection, are not allowed at any time in the calf’s life span. The same applies to ionophores (such as Rumensin® or Bovatec®), hormones (growth implants, MGA®), and coccidiostats (such as Deccox® or Corid®).

From an industry perspective, these cattle are referred to as “never ever” cattle.


Early Detection of Pregnancy Problems Important

Early Detection of Pregnancy Problems Important

 by: Heather Smith Thomas
Cattle Today

There are a number of things that can go wrong during the last phase of pregnancy. Some of these problems can be resolved or dealt with rather easily, and others are more serious — and can be life threatening to the cow or fetus.

EXCESS FLUID AROUND THE FETUS — On occasion, either the amnion sac surrounding the fetus or the allontioc sac (the outer “water bag”) may produce too much fluid. Extra fluid in the amnion sac is more rare (a condition called hydramnios); it occurs mainly in Dexter cattle that have “bulldog: calves–a hereditary condition which may produce extra fluid as early as the 3rd of 4rth month of gestation. More commonly, excess fluid is only produced in the outer water sac. This condition, called hydroallantois, is seen in the last trimester. The fetus is often quite small for its stage of gestation and there is a sudden increase of fluid, which becomes noticeable by about six to seven months when the cow develops a huge belly. The later this happens, the better chance she’ll survive until the end of pregnancy.


Midway stockyards’ fate nears a decision

Midway stockyards’ fate nears a decision

Woodford residents worry about water pollution, odor

 By James Bruggers
The Courier-Journal (KY)

The future of the largest stockyards in the eastern United States could be decided tonight if city leaders in Midway, Ky., vote to make way for the cattle auction house.

But the project has opponents, who say moving Blue Grass Stockyards from its longtime home in Lexington to an industrial park in Midway will have dire consequences for a Woodford County community that otherwise features antique and specialty stores and is surrounded by the rolling fields of horse farms.


S.Korea to phase out U.S. beef import tariffs

S.Korea to phase out U.S. beef import tariffs

 KTIC Radio

 South Korea and the United States have agreed on Monday to phase out a 40 percent tariff on U.S. beef imports over 15 years.

Washington had demanded the immmediate removal of all import tariffs on its beef.

“Import tariffs on U.S. beef will be eliminated over the next 15 years, step by step,” Minister for Trade Kim Hyun-Chong told a news conference.


Lawmakers beef about Korea trade pact

Lawmakers beef about Korea trade pact

Baucus: Pact unacceptable unless Seoul lifts beef ban

 By William L. Watts

WASHINGTON (MarketWatch) — U.S. and South Korean negotiators reached agreement late Sunday night on the largest trade deal in a decade, but a top senator says the pact isn’t going anywhere until Seoul lifts a ban on imports of U.S. beef.

Senate Finance Committee Chairman Max Baucus, D-Mont., hails from a top beef-producing state. And his panel has jurisdiction over trade issues. Baucus vowed that the pact would go nowhere until Seoul lifts the ban, which was first imposed after a case of “mad cow disease” was found in the United States in late 2003.

Korea last fall opened its market to imports of U.S. boneless beef from cattle less than 30 months old. But U.S. beef producers and lawmakers have been angered by Korea’s rejection of three large shipments after inspectors said they found small bone fragments.


Future of U.S.-South Korean FTA still tied to beef ban

Future of U.S.-South Korean FTA still tied to beef ban

 by Peter Shinn

 South Korean and U.S. negotiators signed a free trade agreement (FTA) Sunday in Seoul. But will it ever take effect?

Deputy U.S. Trade Representative Karan Bhatia said that depends on what happens with South Korea’s de facto U.S. beef ban. During a conference call from Seoul Monday morning, Bhatia told Brownfield that Congress probably won’t pass the trade deal unless South Korea ends its ban on U.S. beef.

“I think the answer is no,” Bhatia said. “I don’t think the Congress will approve a FTA with Korea without the full re-opening of Korea’s beef market.”


Stocker Cattle Forum: What Feeds Can I Substitute To Maintain Performance?

Stocker Cattle Forum: What Feeds Can I Substitute To Maintain Performance?


 Corn is generally considered the “gold standard” energy supplement for beef cattle diets. It typically analyzes approximately 90% total digestible nutrients on a dry matter basis. The crude protein content of corn may average 9% in this region; however, nutrient content can vary from one feed source or supply to the next. A nutrient analysis of the feed in question is needed to determine actual nutrient values for more precise mixed feed formulation.


DJ CME Livestock Review: Cattle Complex Higher On Lower Corn

DJ CME Livestock Review: Cattle Complex Higher On Lower Corn


 Chicago Mercantile Exchange live cattle futures Monday closed very near the 2 1/2-week highs of the day, supported by lower Chicago Board of Trade corn futures, traders said.   Feeder cattle closed higher across the board. Lean hog futures closed mostly higher, with only May ending lower, while bellies rallied from early declines to to finish higher as well.   “The only factor we are looking at is corn,” said one veteran trader, referring to the action in live cattle. “Keep it simple.”


U.S. trade negotiators renew resolve to press Japan on beef

U.S. trade negotiators renew resolve to press Japan on beef


      U.S. trade negotiators renewed their determination Monday to prod Japan to raise the age limit on cattle eligible for imports to 30 months from the currently agreed 20 months and fully reopen its market to U.S. beef imports.

     In its 2007 National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers, the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative said its goal is to have Tokyo relax its trade criteria limiting U.S. beef imports after mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy, was first discovered in the United States in December 2003.


Corporate farm ban won’t be reviewed by high court

Corporate farm ban won’t be reviewed by high court

Associated Press Writer

LINCOLN, Neb. — Nebraska’s ban on corporate farming, the most restrictive of its kind in the country, was dealt a fatal blow Monday when supporters lost a final chance to revive it.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled Monday it would not review a decision last year by the 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals that quashed the 25-year-old ban. The appeals court ruled that the ban violates the federal commerce clause and unfairly burdens out-of-state interests, a decision that upheld an earlier, federal court decision.


New Parasitic Disease Can Cause Reproductive Failure

New Parasitic Disease Can Cause Reproductive Failure

 by: Mel Pence
DVM, University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine
Cattle Today

Neospora is a parasitic disease of cattle that causes reproductive failure, primarily abortion. The infection is caused by a small singlecelled protozoan parasite – Neospora caninum. The parasite gets into the brain and nervous tissue of a developing fetal calf and causes it to abort. Those calves that survive the infection are often born abnormal.

This is a relatively new infection of cattle that was first recognized in 1988. It has been more of a problem in the western states, but has recently (1999 2005) been diagnosed here in Georgia. At one time, 42 percent of all cattle abortions in California were diagnosed as having been caused by Neospora. This has the potential to become a significant problem in the Georgia cattle industry.


Getting hands-on with cattle

Getting hands-on with cattle

Students get real-life experience working with cattle while living at the Beef Cattle Center just miles away from Pullman.

 Christina Watts
The Daily Evergreen

Down an old gravel road, away from the commotion of the college campus, the WSU Beef Cattle Center sits at the top of a hill. The surroundings are not the familiar wheat fields of the Palouse, but rather, unusually green pastures. At night, no lights dim the stars and the area is quiet, occasionally interrupted only by a bellowing cow.


Cattle Identification: Verification Begins With Breeders

Cattle Identification: Verification Begins With Breeders


 A more specific common theme pinpointed in the 2005 NBQA is that “we must have traceability for age/source/process verification”. Industry goals laid out in the 2005 NBQA include a recommendation to move expeditiously toward source and age verification to build supply lines of cattle to fit domestic and export markets. While source-verified and age-verified cattle as a percentage of total cattle harvested continue to increase, they accounted for only 1.5% and 1.0% of cattle in 2005 as reported in the latest NBQA. Verifying source and age is one of the strategies listed in the 2005 NBQA for expanding marketing opportunities in domestic and global markets.


First West Texas Beef 2010 Session Set for April 26 in San Angelo

First West Texas Beef 2010 Session Set for April 26 in San Angelo

 Texas A&M University

 SAN ANGELO – Texas Cooperative Extension, Angelo State University and the Texas Beef Council have teamed up to present the first ever “West Texas Beef 2010” program, a four-part series on beef quality management of market cattle and cows.

Dr. Dan Hale, Extension meats specialist in College Station, said the series is designed to help producers maximize profits from their calves and cull cows.

“We’ve had tremendous success with the Beef 706 programs, but they focus only on market cattle,” Hale said. “We will do that here too, but we have also added cull cattle management to the program. Cull cows and bulls typically make up about 20 percent of an operation’s income. Our aim is to help producers learn what to do to maximize profits from their cull cows.”