Alternative Winter Nutritional Management Strategies – Part 1
“Producers have a variety of management alternatives to consider as they develop economical alternatives to feeding harvested forages.”
By Janna Kincheloe, Extension Agent, Montana State University and Ron Hathaway, Extension Agent, Oregon State University
One of the main challenges to beef producers in the western U.S. is to develop a cost-effective winter feeding program while still maintaining acceptable levels of beef cattle production. Many producers in the Pacific Northwest and Intermountain West feed between two and four tons of hay to their mature cows during the winter feeding period. Feed and supplement costs account for an estimated 50 to 70 percent of total production costs. Therefore, a producer’s ability to compete with other regions depends in large part on his or her ability to reduce these costs. Producers have a variety of management alternatives to consider as they develop economical alternatives to feeding harvested forages.
The Tennessee Animal Science Newsletter for November is available by Clicking HERE.
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The latest version of the Minnesota Beef Newsletter “Beef Times” is now available in PDF (Adobe Acrobat) by clicking HERE.
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Beef Checkoff: Cutout Calculator – Searching For Yield Signs
CENTENNIAL, Colo. (Nov. 21, 2006) – Beef producers now have an online calculator to help estimate subprimal yields and their approximate values, based on current market prices, before their cattle go to market. The new resource, called the Beef Cutout Calculator (a featured link at http://www.beefresearch.org), is funded by the beef checkoff and designed by faculty and graduate students at Colorado State University (CSU).
By plugging a few numbers into this interactive tool, users can generate a
report that estimates cutout weights for individual animals, differentiated by USDA yield grade, cutting style, external fat trim level and initial live animal or carcass weight. Additionally, the report reflects current market values since the software uses the prior week’s USDA-AMS National Weekly Beef Prices for Boxed Beef Cutouts & Cuts in its calculations. New USDA-AMS information is uploaded to the system every Friday.
By-product or bonus?
Food System Insider
Quick, name the top five breeds of beef cattle.
You probably thought of Angus and Hereford, perhaps added Limousin, Charolais, Gelbvieh or Brahman. You might, however, have missed the Holstein, which accounts for as much as 20 percent of U.S. beef production.
Just as in beef operations, the dairy industry produces two types of beef animals. One category is culled cows and bulls, which typically go to slaughter without grain finishing. Dairy’s other beef-production chain involves the “other half” of their calf crop. Dairies typically remove male calves from their dams shortly after birth, often selling them at one day of age. The calves then spend a few months in a growing program before moving to a feedlot. Weighing 350 to 400 pounds on arrival, many Holstein steers will spend close to a year in the feedlot, although in some cases owners background them longer and place them on feed at heavier weights.
U.S.-Based Cattle at Agribition Again
Canadian Press, mycattle.com
REGINA (CP) – For the first time since mad cow disease was found in Canada, cattle from the United States will be shown this week at the country’s largest agricultural marketplace.
Two U.S. producers are bringing animals across the border for the Canadian Western Agribition in Regina.
Two exhibitors out of more than 400 may not sound like much, said Agribition general manager Leon Brinn, but it’s still significant.
“This represents a major move on the part of American producers to recognize the strength of the Canadian show,” said Brinn.
“We believe that it has to do with the fact that they recognize the strength of the North American market lies in the full North American market, and the fact that they need to be active in Canada.”
American Angus AssociationSM Elects Leadership at 123rd Annual Meeting
American Angus Association
Jot Hartley, Vinita, Okla., was elected president of the American Angus AssociationSM at the group’s 123rd annual convention of delegates, November 13 in Louisville, Ky. He follows Ben Eggers, Mexico, Mo.
More than 350 delegates who were elected to represent American Angus Association members from more than 40 states conducted the business of the Association during the annual meeting and election. The meeting was at the Kentucky Fair and Exposition Center in conjunction with the North American International Livestock Exposition (NAILE) Super Point Roll of Victory (ROV) Angus Show.
Paul Hill, Bidwell, Ohio, was chosen by the delegates to serve as vice president of the Association, and five individuals were elected to the Association’s board of directors. Jay King, Rock Falls, Ill., will serve as treasurer for the year.
Technology Brings Cattle Sales into Producer’s Homes
by: Clifford Mitchell
From day one the human race has been looking for ways to make the most efficient use of time. We all know the old saying about “idle hands,” but convenience still seems to find a way to enter the decision making process, particularly buying decisions. Especially, for a society dependent on fossil fuels, careers where both parents work and making sure the next generation gets to do all the so called “activities” growing-up brings.
Cattlemen had to watch beef products add convenience and adapt to society through a variety of ways. Meal solutions, one pot creations and entrées for the microwave, were just the tip of the iceberg. Acting on cue, cattlemen looked for ways to make more efficient use of their time. Computers were incorporated to the record keeping system. Electronic ID tags have found a home with some producers and hydraulic chutes replaced the older models that would wear out a couple cowboys during a good day’s work.
Ethanol: More Than Just Fuel
Global Energy/Iran Daily
As the ethanol industry continues to grow each year, many producers are turning to the alternative fuel source for transportation as well as for their livestock.
Some 3.2 million metric tons of distillers dried grains (DDGS) are currently used in the animal feed industry to create a high-energy, high-protein feed ingredient that has been found to have three times the level of non-starch nutrients than original corn. According to Dr. Chad Hastad of Swine Nutrition Services in Truman, Minnesota, distillers grains–which were traditionally fed to ruminants because of the low protein and high fiber content–are now being fed in poultry and swine diets as well.
“Producers have been trying to use DDGS as an ingredient since the 1950s, but early feeding attempts were not as successful because the amounts of nutrients in DDGS were not right for pigs,“ says Hastad. “Now, modernized engineering of ethanol plants with new technologies, processing techniques and better quality control have led to improved DDGS nutrient profiles that have grabbed the attention of the swine industry.“
R-CALF USA wins battle in long legal war
by Peter Shinn
R-CALF USA won a legal victory Tuesday in its long-running battle against USDA’s minimal risk rule, which opened the U.S. border to Canadian slaughter cattle under 30 months of age and an expanded roster of Canadian beef products. But the fight is far from over in a case that has already been ongoing for the better part of two years.
Montana District Court Judge Richard Cebull refused to hear oral arguments in the case after the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of USDA in July of 2005, allowing the USDA rule to take effect and ending the U.S. ban on Canadian slaughter cattle. But R-CALF appealed Cebull’s decision not to hear oral arguments in the case back to the 9th Circuit, and USDA asked that court to issue a summary judgment against R-CALF.
But R-CALF CEO Bill Bullard told Brownfield the 9th Circuit refused to do so. “We just received the 9th Circuit’s order, and the order was to deny USDA’s attempt to dismiss our case, which opens the door to R-CALF,” Bullard proclaimed. “We now get to appeal our case.”
Food for Thought
by: Baxter Black, DVM
„« I like chicken. I only wish it tasted more like chicken.
„«Hungry people don’t protest genetically modified foods.
„« What is the difference between the people who worked for F.E.M.A. in the wake of Hurricane Katrina vs. the reporters, politicians and movie stars who jostled each other for sound bites? Answer: F.E.M.A. came to help – the newsmakers came to blame.
Change Proposed in BSE Assessment
EUROPE: A European Food Safety Authority panel is proposing changes in the way Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR) is determined.
The European Food Safety Authority’s (EFSA) Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ) announced today it has launched a public consultation on a revision of the methodology for Geographical BSE-Risk (GBR) assessment.
The European Commission uses this scientific advice as the basis for attributing BSE risk status to countries worldwide.
The update takes account of new scientific knowledge on BSE and recent trends in BSE prevalence based on the most recent surveillance data. By allowing a more accurate assessment of geographical BSE risk, the revised methodology will assist risk managers in taking decisions to protect consumers which are commensurate with the risk identified.
I-S-U report says livestock industry could see considerable growth
Growth dependent on corn prices
by O.Kay Henderson
An Iowa State University report concludes there’ll be significant growth in Iowa’s livestock industry, as long as corn prices remain reasonable. For the past year, researchers in I-S-U’s Department of Animal Science and representatives of livestock groups have been evaluating the state’s “animal agriculture” industries — beef, pork, dairy, pork, poultry, sheep, goats and horses.
I-S-U animal science professor Maynard Hogberg says Iowa currently has about 26 percent of the nation’s hogs and six percent of the beef cattle in the country. “I think one of the things we were trying to do was say ‘O.K.: what is the picture really like of the future?’” Hogberg says. “Depending on who you talk to, you could get one extreme to the other and our feeling was that we were trying arrive at more of a consensus viewpoint of where we thought things would end up.”
The I-S-U study concludes beef cattle sales have the potential to increase 50 percent by 2016. Hogberg says one reason for that prediction is because one of the rather inexpensive by-products from ethanol production is fed to cattle.