BeefTalk: Beef Cow Waste Creates Challenges for the Future
By Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist
NDSU Extension Service
Something about building a hip-roofed barn assured our forefathers of a vivid appreciation for animal waste. In the early decades of settling the vast rural expanses of North America, family essentials were secured along with the need for availability of some form of fresh food year around.
In the northern environment, winter was a stumbling block, so up went the hip-roofed barns. The upper floor of the barn served as a haymow and the main floor provided winter protection for the family’s animals. Essential to the success of the operation was a daily supply of milk and cream, along with suitable stable arrangements for the carriage horse.
Cattle auction helps endangered breed
By Ed Enoch
LAUREL – Fifteenth-century Spanish explorers left cattle along the Gulf Coast. During the last 500 years or so, the descendants of those animals became the distinct regional strains of the Pineywoods breed, but are now becoming endangered.
In Laurel Saturday, about 30 people – drawn by curiosity, family history and cultural pride – attended the second annual Pineywoods Cattle Registry and Breeders Association sale.
Saturday’s sale at the Magnolia Center on Mississippi 11 was primarily focused on breeding stock, according to auctioneer Justin Pitts of Ellisville.
Draft of CAFO rules on the way
County to receive document on feedlots ordinance next week.
Fort Wayne Tribune Staff Writer
SOUTH BEND — For months, volunteers and health experts here have been tackling this question: How can St. Joseph County regulate large feedlot operations to protect public health?
The answer, county health officials say, should come early next week, when the Health Department gives the County Council the final draft of an ordinance that would regulate concentrated animal feeding operations, or CAFOs.
That draft will be the result of wide-ranging research and in-depth discussions on the issue, said Marc Nelson, environmental health manager for the Health Department.
S Korea sticks to tough rules on US beef imports
SEOUL: South Korea has asked the United States to follow its strict safety guidelines on U.S. beef imports, sticking to zero tolerance of bones, the agriculture ministry said on Friday.
South Korea ended a ban on US beef that had been imposed after mad cow disease was found in the United States in 2003, but tough restrictions on imports have limited sales in what was once the third-largest market for the meat.
Seoul said that if tiny bone chips were found, exports from the plant that shipped the product will be barred, and if any risky parts such as ribs were found, all US beef imports would be suspended again.
U.S. Cattle On Feed Up 4 Percent, Record Inventory
Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in the United States for feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 12.0 million head on November 1, 2006. The inventory was 4 percent above November 1, 2005 and 6 percent above November 1, 2004. This is the highest November 1 inventory since the series began in 1996.
Placements in feedlots during October totaled 2.43 million, 13 percent below 2005 and 10 percent below 2004. Net placements were 2.34 million head. This is the second lowest placements for the month of October since the series began in 1996. During October, placements of cattle and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 840,000, 600-699 pounds were 645,000, 700-799 pounds were 485,000, and 800 pounds and greater were 455,000.
Ranchers Contemplate I.D. Program
In other news tonight….
Cattle producers want some answers regarding the animal Identification program.
Today, members of the Independent Beef Association of North Dakota, or I-Band, are holding their first annual meeting.
President of I-Band, Pat Becker says many of the members are not in favor of the program becoming mandatory.
He says many producers already have a system of their own to track their animals.
(Pat Becker/ I-BAND)
“We have identification already. We have brands and brucalosis tagging of breading animals. But they are talking about doing away with that and coming in with a complete new program. And that is where you’re getting a lot of the dissension I guess.”
Ranching trade group losing its executive VP
Dallas Morning News
The executive vice president of the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association resigned Friday after nearly six years as a leader of the ranching industry trade group. Matt Brockman, 45, will serve through the end of this month.
Angus Foundation Launches Five-Year, $11 Million Campaign
American Angus Association
Unveiled at the Angus Foundation Supporter Recognition Event Nov. 11, in Louisville, Ky., the Vision of Value: Campaign for Angus aims to significantly expand the ability of the Angus Foundation to support education, youth and research activities by raising $11 million by December 31, 2011.
This is the first capital campaign undertaken by the Angus Foundation, the not-for-profit affiliate of the American Angus AssociationSM that was established in 1980 to support education, youth and research programs in the Angus breed. To date, more than $2,460,000 has been committed to the campaign during the quiet phase, which began Oct. 1, 2004.
Using Young Bulls in Multi-sire Breeding Pastures
By Glenn Selk
Oklahoma State University
As we enter the fall breeding season for herds that plan September and October calving, questions about the bull-battery often arise. Producers often ask about the use of young bulls in the same breeding pasture with older, larger bulls. In most instances, this is a practice that should be discouraged if at all possible. Young bulls will normally lose the battle of deciding who is the dominant individual in the breeding pasture. Ranchers report that in some cases young bulls that have been severely “whipped” are less aggressive breeders after that incident. Australian data on multi-sire pastures have shown that some young bulls gain a dominant role as they mature and then will breed a larger percentage of the cows. Other bulls will not gain that dominant status, and only breed a very small percentage of the cows in a mult-sire pasture. The best solution is to always place young bulls with young bulls and mature bulls with mature bulls in the breeding pasture. In some situations, the rancher may choose to use the mature bulls in the first two-thirds of the breeding season, and then rotate in the young bulls. This allows the young bulls to gain one to two months of additional age and sexual maturity. In addition the young bulls should have considerably fewer cows in heat at the end of the breeding season as the mature bulls will have bred the bulk of the cows or heifers. The young bulls will be in the breeding season only a few weeks and should not be as “run down” or in poor body condition at the conclusion of the breeding season.
Also a commonly asked question is the cow to bull ratio for young bulls. The old rule of thumb is to place the young bull with about as many cows as his age in months. Therefore the true “yearling” would only be exposed to 12 or 13 females. If he is a year and a half old (18 months), then he should be able to breed 15 – 18 cows. By the time the bull is two years of age, he should be able to breed 24 or 25 cows. Realize that tremendous variability exists between bulls. Some are capable of breeding many more cows than what is suggested here. AND sadly enough, a few bulls will fail when mated to a very few cows. Hopefully, a breeding soundness exam and close observation during the first part of the breeding season will identify those potential failures.
Top ag entrepreneurs cited
At last month’s National FFA Convention, 10 teenagers from seven states were recognized for their innovation in establishing businesses connected to agriculture. Each received $1,000 and a National Agri-Entrepreneurship Award: