Daily Archives: September 28, 2006

Ohio Beef Newsletter available

The September 27, issue # 506, of the Ohio BEEF Cattle letter is now posted to the web at: http://fairfield.osu.edu/ag/beef/beefSept27.html

Are you interested in selling cattle into the Japanese market . . . more importantly, are you ready and are your cattle eligible? Review Kris Ringwall’s checklist on the subject this week.

Articles this week include:
* Do You Have Your SRMs Managed by the Correct PVP or QSA?
* Forage Focus: Fall Weed Management in Grass Hay and Pasture
* Weekly Roberts Agricultural Commodity Market Report

Stan Smith
Program Assistant, Agriculture
OSU Extension, Fairfield County
831 College Ave., Suite D
Lancaster, OH 43130

e-mail: smith.263@cfaes.osu.edu
voice: 740.653.5419 ext. 24
fax: 740.687.7010
Fairfield Co. OSU Extension – http://fairfield.osu.edu
OSU Beef Team – http://beef.osu.edu

Mad Cow: A Dead Horse?

Mad Cow: A Dead Horse?


For the most part, Mad Cow disease is a dead horse.

The health dangers may well be real and important. But since the initial December 2003 discovery of BSE in Washington State, speculation about its impact on markets hasn’t changed much.

Yet last week I finally came across a related story. On September 17, the monolithic Japanese noodle restaurant chain Yoshinoya offered guydon noodles with American beef for the first time since their government banned imports from the U.S. almost three years ago. Big hairy deal right?

Well, it was for the Japanese. Mobs gathered outside Yoshinoya locations throughout Japan. Lines formed before dawn and by opening time were wrapped around whole city blocks in Tokyo. Young men were interviewed who said the Mad Cow ban only made them more hungry for American beef.

Still, my amusement was short lived. Within a few paragraphs, each story about the affair turned its focus toward its anecdotal connection to supply and demand.


U.S. Beef Group Spends on Ads, Barbecues to Woo Japan Consumers

U.S. Beef Group Spends on Ads, Barbecues to Woo Japan Consumers

By Kanoko Matsuyama


The U.S. Meat Export Federation is running full page ads in Japanese newspapers that cost as much as 79 million yen ($681,000) each to convince consumers American beef is safe to eat. The biggest supermarket chains don’t buy it.

Repairing the image of U.S. beef after it was banned in Japan because of mad cow disease has fallen to Philip Seng, the chief executive officer of the U.S. Meat Export group, which has Tyson Foods Inc. and Cargill Inc. among its members. He said in an interview the U.S. industry may have lost $5 billion since Japan first imposed the ban in December 2003.


Prussic acid in forage sorghums has potential to poison livestock

Prussic acid in forage sorghums has potential to poison livestock

Tri State Neighbor

BROOKINGS, S.D. – With parts of South Dakota experiencing the first cold weather of fall, producers should be aware that forage sorghum, sorghum-sudan hybrids and sudangrass all have the potential to produce prussic acid poisoning in livestock when stressed by factors such as frost.

If the frost is light and only kills the upper few leaves, the plant may attempt to regrow by putting out a new shoot from the base of the plant. These new shoots are very palatable and will be grazed selectively.

These fields should not be grazed until a hard frost kills the new shoots or prussic acid poisoning would likely occur.


E. coli vaccine attacks infection at its source

E. coli vaccine attacks infection at its source

By: Zach Pluhacek, Daily Nebraskan

There may soon be an effective vaccine for E. coli, thanks to a team of University of Nebraska-Lincoln researchers – and all they had to do was dig through hundreds of samples of cow manure.

Faculty members and graduate students at UNL are testing the vaccine, intended to be administered to cattle. Attacking the E. coli infection at its source would eliminate the need for human vaccine injections.

“What it does is reduce the possibility for the bacteria to colonize the animals,” said David Smith, an associate professor of veterinary and biomedical sciences. He also is one of four faculty members directly involved in the research.


Living up to potential starts early for cow/calf operations

Living up to potential starts early for cow/calf operations

By Miranda Reiman, Certified Angus Beef LLC

Tri State Neighbor

Getting cattle to hit the higher quality grades takes effort at every link in the production chain. From the cow/calf producer to the feedlot, all must be quality conscious for cattle to gain premiums on a value-based grid.

In a research review, Certified Angus Beef LLC (CAB) vice president Larry Corah and supply development director Mark McCully looked at early management factors that affect marbling, the intramuscular flavor fat.

“People used to think marbling was something that only happened in the feedlot,” said McCully. “But research shows targeting a high-quality beef market should begin long before that.”


Oklahoma Ranchers React To Federal Drought Aid

Oklahoma Ranchers React To Federal Drought Aid


Help is on the way for eastern Oklahoma cattlemen, but is it enough? Over the next few months, the US Department of Agriculture will distribute $6.5-million in drought relief aid to Oklahoma ranchers.

News on 6 reporter Chris Wright sees what cattlemen think of the federal aid.

$6.5-million for all the ranchers in the third largest cattle producing state in the country might not be a lot, but they say any help is appreciated. It’s been a rough year for everybody in the Oklahoma cattle industry. Rancher Clark Victory: “in all my years this has been the worst year in terms of rainfall.”

A record drought has caused all sorts of headaches for cattlemen. “It’s caused a lot of people to sell cattle early, change their business, it’s changed a lot of things.”

To help ease the pain, the US Department of Agriculture is offering drought relief aid. $50-million for cattlemen nationwide, $6.5-million for those in Oklahoma.


Wal-Mart threatens farmers, report says

Wal-Mart threatens farmers, report says

Retailer’s growth in organics a worry in state


Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Plans by Wal-Mart Stores Inc. to increase its offerings of organic foods could create a competitive threat to smaller organic farms and food producers, according to a briefing paper released Wednesday by a Wisconsin-based group.


Wal-Mart already is buying milk and other organic products from large-scale dairies and other large, conventional food producers that have little experience with organic production, creating what the Cornucopia Institute calls “corporate organics.” The non-profit group is an advocate for what it calls “family-scale farms.”

“This competitive challenge has the potential to destroy healthy markets for other retailers, distributors, manufacturers/processors, and family-scale domestic farmers,” the paper says.


TDA sets guidelines for drought assistance

TDA sets guidelines for drought assistance

Claredon Enterprise (TX)

AUSTIN – Agriculture Commissioner Susan Combs announced this week that the Texas Department of Agriculture will accept applications September 29 to November 13 from eligible livestock producers impacted by drought who qualify for payments under the federally-funded Livestock Assistance Grant Program.

On September 29, applications will be available on TDA’s Web site at http://www.agr.state.tx.us; at all TDA offices; and at Texas Cooperative Extension and U.S. Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency county offices in the 216 eligible Texas counties, including Donley.


Drought could increase the presence of dangerous mycotoxins in animal feed

Drought could increase the presence of dangerous mycotoxins in animal feed

Tri State Neighbor

As the worst drought in 17 years continues to put stress on livestock, wither plants and leave grazing land barren in the Midwest, many producers will now have to consider another economic setback – mycotoxins.

According to James Pierce, coordinator of monogastric nutrition at Alltech, drought can bring more mycotoxins to the farm as plants become stressed and more susceptible to disease and infection.

“Historically the worst mycotoxin years are also drought years,” Pierce said.

The 2001 research paper “Current concepts in feed-borne mycotoxins and the potential for dietary prevention of mycotoxicoses” from the proceedings of Alltech’s 17th Annual Symposium states that moisture content during the growing and harvesting periods is one key factor in minimizing fungal infestation in crops and mycotoxin accumulation in feedstuffs.


BeefTalk: Do You Have Your SRMs Managed by the Correct PVP or QSA?

BeefTalk: Do You Have Your SRMs Managed by the Correct PVP or QSA?

By Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist

NDSU Extension Service

The target may be set, at least for casual conversation or maybe even outright aggressive purchasing, because countries, such as Japan, have opened up their markets to beef produced in the U.S., which is a good thing.

As producers gear up in anticipation of that market, the essential concept or entry point started last spring during spring calving or some other time, if a producer has a different calving season. The point being, if you go to the USDA Web site at http://www.ams.usda.gov/lsg/arc/evjapan.htm, you specifically will see what is needed. The site lists those companies that are approved and leads you to the particular Quality System Assessment (QSA) or Process Verified Program (PVP) that, as a producer, you will be required to be involved with, if exporting to Japan.


Take Advantage of Opportunities to Enhance Reproductive Performance

Take Advantage of Opportunities to Enhance Reproductive Performance

by: Stephen B. Blezinger

Ph.D., PAS

There is one absolute fact that is central to the cow/calf sector of the beef industry. In order for an operation to “work” you have to get cows bred and get them bred efficiently. Virtually everything revolves around this factor because if this does not take place, nothing else does either. Most breeders do a reasonable job of getting cows bred in a timely fashion but unfortunately many do not. Good breeding is a factor of genetics, health, nutrition and management. Many producers will try to prioritize these four factors with the thought that, “if I do a good job on health, the others will fall into line.” Each of these are of equal importance because if one component is lacking the whole system falls apart. This article will discuss some opportunities a producer has to enhance his reproductive performance and efficiency.


Forage Focus: Fall Weed Management in Grass Hay & Pasture

Forage Focus: Fall Weed Management in Grass Hay & Pasture


Fall is an excellent time to manage certain weeds in grass hay and pastures. In particular, biennials such as common burdock, wild carrot, and bull, musk, and plumeless thistles are much easier to kill while they are in the rosette stage of growth and prior to surviving a winter. Once they awake in the spring, they grow rapidly with the goal of reproducing and it becomes more difficult to control them. As you have heard many times before, late summer and fall is the best time to control most perennials with a systemic herbicide. In general, the application window runs from about Sept. 1 through October depending on where you are in the state and what weeds you are targeting. Applications to perennial species like horsenettle, smooth groundcherry, and woody species like multiflora rose should be on the early side of this window, while cool – season perennials like Canada thistle and dandelion can be effectively controlled after several light frosts. With both biennial and perennials species, adequate leaf tissue must be present and it should be reasonably healthy to absorb the herbicide.