Study raises new fears over human toll from mad cow disease
PARIS (AFP) – The final human toll from mad-cow disease could be higher than is conventionally thought because of a potential risk from blood transfusion, a new study says.
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) was identified 10 years ago as the human form of mad-cow disease, a fatal disorder in which a rogue prion protein called PrPSc proliferates in the brain, turning it spongy.
DJ Livestock Update:USDA Cattle Data Show More Big Placements
(Comtex Finance Via Thomson Dialog NewsEdge)
CHICAGO, Mar 24, 2006 (Dow Jones Commodities News via Comtex) –
USDA Report: Cattle-On-Feed Data Shows More Big Placements
Prolonged dry pasture conditions during February meant young cattle continued to move into Southern Plains feedlots instead of going out to pastures, according to Friday’s U.S. Department of Agriculture’s monthly cattle-on-feed report analyses.
Aging lab triggers search for new site
(Pueblo Chieftain, The (CO) (KRT) Via Thomson Dialog NewsEdge) Mar. 25
The Plum Island Animal Disease Center off the coast of Long Island, N.Y., has been the nation’s leading animal disease laboratory for more than 50 years. Under the supervision of the Department of Homeland Security since 2003, the federal government is looking for a new site for an expanded lab.
Study Says Americans are Eating Less ‘Risky Foods’
American Meat Institute meatami.com
A new study says that the number of people who reported eating one or more foods associated with an increased risk of foodborne diseases declined by a third from 1998 to 2002. The study was released today at the International Conference on Emerging Infections
Pre-Calving Nutrition Of Dams Influence Reproductive Performance
All of their lives, beef producers have been told: “You can’t starve a profit out of a cow!” Such is the case with pre-calving nutrition of cows. Occasionally, short term cost cutting measures look successful in the short run, but in the long haul they may just backfire.
Acutely Restricting Nutrition Causes Anovulation and Alters Endocrine Function in Beef Heifers
F.J. White, L.N. Floyd, C.A. Lents, N.H. Ciccioli, L.J. Spicer , and R.P. Wettemann, Oklahoma State University
Story in Brief
The effects of acutely restricting nutrition on ovulation and metabolic hormones were evaluated in Angus x Hereford heifers. Heifers were housed in individual pens in a barn and fed a diet supplying 1.2 of their maintenance requirements for protein and energy (1.2 M) for 10 d to allow time to adjust to the environment and diet. Heifers were then fed a diet supplying either .4 of their maintenance requirements (.4 M) or 1.2 M, and heifers were treated with prostaglandin F2a so they would ovulate on d 14 of restriction. If heifers had plasma progesterone less than .5 ng/mL on d 15 to 28, they were classified as anovulatory. Seventy percent (7 of 10) of .4 M heifers did not ovulate on d 14 while all 1.2 M heifers had normal luteal function. Heifers fed .4 M had less plasma thyroxine and increased nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations compared with 1.2 M heifers. Nutritional restriction decreased concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in plasma. We conclude that acute nutritional restriction can alter plasma concentrations of NEFA, thyroxine, and IGF-I and induce anovulation in beef heifers.
USDA TO DISPATCH TECHNICAL TEAM TO JAPAN
WASHINGTON, March 22, 2006––Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns today announced a USDA technical team will meet with Japanese government officials on Tuesday, March 28th and Wednesday, March 29th, to answer questions and press for the reopening of the Japanese market to U.S. beef.
“The United States is eager to provide any additional clarification Japan may request so we can resume beef exports to Japan as quickly as possible,” Johanns said. “I believe our report is thorough and actions address the unique circumstances surrounding this ineligible shipment. Now my hope is that we can take the next steps toward resumption of normal trade.”
FORTUNE Magazine Ranks Smithfield Foods Among America’s Most Admired Companies
Smithfield, Va. (March 20, 2006)—For the fourth consecutive year, Smithfield Foods, Inc., has been named to FORTUNE magazine’s prestigious annual list of America’s Most Admired Companies, this time ranking third among all U.S. food production companies.
Smithfield Foods moved up seven positions from its 10th-place ranking in 2005, when the company was placed in the magazine’s consumer food products category. This year Smithfield was switched to the food production category, a more appropriate category for its business operation.
USDA: Offspring Of Alabama BSE Cow Buried In Landfill In 2005
(-By Bill Tomson, Dow Jones Newswires; 202-646-0088; email@example.com)
WASHINGTON (Dow Jones)–A calf that an Alabama stockyard buried in a landfill in July 2005 was the offspring of a cow the government recently confirmed suffered from mad-cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said Thursday.
USDA Spokesman Ed Loyd said the remains of the calf were not found, but investigators are certain of the calf’s fate and lineage based on records.