Daily Archives: February 10, 2006

Dry distillers grains a viable feed alternative

Dry distillers grains a viable feed alternative

By DONNA FARRIS, For Farm & Ranch Guide

Recent research at South Dakota State University confirms that dry distillers grains are a viable feed alternative, although operators may need to make adjustments in order to use the feed to its highest efficiency, said Cody Wright, South Dakota State University beef specialist.

SDSU undertook distillers grain research projects because of the rapidly expanding ethanol industry in South Dakota and the surrounding region.

“We’re continually seeing more and more plants being built and coming on line, and as a result we’ve got distillers grains as a very readily available resource for the livestock industry,” Wright said.

While other universities are also studying distillers grains, there isn’t a large body of research available, Wright said.

“We wanted to do some things to try to figure out how best and most economically to incorporate distillers grains into beef cattle diets,” he said.

For the past five years, SDSU researchers have worked on a number of studies.

“We’ve pretty much got it spread throughout our department and even across species. We’re doing a fair amount of swine work and even some sheep work now trying to incorporate distillers grains into those diets,” Wright said. “We look at animal performance, digestibility, nutrient output and economics and really try to figure out what’s the optimum use of that new feed for different classes of livestock.”


The Konefal calving method

The Konefal calving method

Extension Beef Cattle Specialist, NDSU Animal and Range SciencesThursday,
February 2, 2006 12:07 PM CST

Does the time of day you feed the cow impact when calves are born? The research is this area is not clear but some research does indicate that it can have an effect. In general, cows fed at night tend to calve during the daylight hours (when you have an opportunity to watch them more closely). This method of management was developed by Gus Konefal, a Manitoba Hereford breeder.The system involves feeding the cows twice daily, once at 11 am. to 12 noon and again at 9:30 to 10 p.m. General recommendations indicate the practice should be started about one month before the first calf is born and continue for the duration of the calving season. Konefal reported that using this regime, 80 percent of his cows calved between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. Iowa State University research indicated similar results.Scientists at USDA-ARS, Miles City, Mont., also conducted a three-year study on feeding time. Their results were not as dramatic. However, the percentage of cows calving from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. was consistently 10 to 20 percent lower for the late-fed cows compared with the early-fed cows. Similar research at the Brandon, Man., research station indicated a 13.5 percent reduction in the number of cows calving between midnight and 7 a.m.For cows in grazing situations, this is a difficult practice to implement, but for people feeding cows under drylot conditions, it may have some benefits. I would be interested to know if any of you are currently using this method or have tried in the past, and with what success. If you have some experiences, feel free to share them with me – phone 701-231-7660; email glardy@ndsuext.nodak.eduEnsure that your cows are in adequate condition prior to calving. If they’re not, there may still be time to adjust your nutritional program.

NCBA Wants Feedlot Rule Deadlines Changed

NCBA Wants Feedlot Rule Deadlines Changed (02/09/06 06:50)

High Plains Journal

OMAHA (DTN) — The Environmental Protection Agency is unfairly asking cattle producers to comply with laws not yet on the books, according to the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association.

The group is asking the EPA to change its deadline for rules regulating confined animal feeding operations such as feedlots. The EPA last month extended deadlines until July 2007 for feedlot operators to receive Clean Water Act “national pollutant discharge elimination system” permits.

The delay was issued because the EPA was still working on how to comply with court rulings that struck down key provisions of the rules.

“The EPA has not yet promulgated a final rule, and they expect cattlemen to speculate on how to comply,” said Tamara Thies, NCBA’s director of environmental issues. “There is much confusion and uncertainty about cattle producers’ responsibilities under the Act and EPA needs to clarify for producers what is expected of them.”

The NCBA wants the federal government to give producers one year to comply after the EPA has issued a discharge permit and a manure management plan. Such approval isn’t likely to happen until 2009 or 2010, according to the NCBA, because the issues surrounding the Second Circuit Court of Appeals Decision rejecting the regulations.

Livestock producers and environmental groups sued the EPA following the confinement rules becoming final. Both sides also declared themselves winners after the appeals court threw out much of the EPA’s rule.

Retailers refrain from hyping US beef

Retailers refrain from hyping US beef
By Jackie Lin
Friday, Feb 10, 2006,Page 10

With US beef expected to be served on dining tables again next week, retailers and restaurants have taken a low-key approach with no large-scale marketing campaigns planned for the moment.

Hypermarket operators yesterday confirmed that the first shipment of US beef will arrive at the CKS International Airport today.

But, in a departure from normal procedure, the government will conduct tighter inspections before allowing the imports to pass through customs.

“We’re told the observation period will last for about five days, which means beef imports will not hit market shelves until Wednesday next week,” said Daisy Lee (李如秀), corporate affairs manager of Tesco Stores (Taiwan) Co, yesterday.

Taiwan banned US beef imports in December 2003 following reports of the first US bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) case, but lifted the ban on April 16 last year. BSE is commonly known as “mad cow disease.”

Taiwan banned US beef imports again on June 25 last year after a second case of the disease was confirmed.

Taiwan’s decision to reopen its market to US beef within such a short period of time has raised concerns that it might have been made as a result of political pressure, resulting in some beef-lovers adopting a wait-and-see attitude.
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Dozens of BSE cases suspected in Japan

Dozens of BSE cases suspected in Japan
Thursday, February 9, 2006, 10:38 AM

by Josh St. Peters, The Brownfield Network

Media reports out of Tokyo warn that Japan may now be dealing with more than forty new cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy. According to Japanese wire reports, a farm in Hokkaido is suspected of having 45 cows that are positive for the brain-wasting disease.

The announcement follows news late last month that a cow on the same farm had died from the disease. Japanese officials now say they will incinerate the additional suspect animals. In total, the farmer is believed to have more than 400 cattle on the operations. Some media reports indicate the cattle may have been fed bone meal despite a ban on the practice that was enacted in 2001.

At the same time, agriculture officials in the island nation are telling U.S. leaders that they need more answers before they can renew their imports of American beef. The Japanese say they want more details about downer cattle and how they are handled before they will consider buying U.S. beef again.

Japan has been back and forth with beef imports since the first of two U.S. cases of BSE were detected in 2003. Japanese producers have struggled with the disease as well, with at least 22 confirmed cases of BSE in recent years.

Cattlemen request review of Tyson case

Cattlemen request review of Tyson case

Thursday, February 9, 2006 5:04 PM MST

BILLINGS, Mont. – R-CALF USA – along with 36 groups representing independent cattle producers across the nation – jointly filed a friend-of-the-court brief asking the U.S. Supreme Court to review a recent decision by the U.S. 11th Circuit Court of Appeals on price manipulation in the meatpacking industry.

In the brief, R-CALF USA argues that failure to review the 11th Circuit’s decision in the Pickett v. Tyson Fresh Meats, Inc. case could profoundly undermine the Packers and Stockyards Act of 1921 (PSA), a key component of U.S. law, which regulates market abuses by the meatpacking industry.

“This case deserves the Supreme Court’s attention,” said R-CALF USA President Chuck Kiker. “The PSA was enacted to rein in the worst excesses of a highly concentrated meatpacking industry at the beginning of the last century.

“The industry is again becoming highly consolidated, and today, meatpackers use increasingly sophisticated techniques to deny cattle producers an honest price for their product,” Kiker explained. “Independent cattle producers have been deeply concerned for many years over the packing industry’s captive-supply practices, and a review of the Pickett case by the Supreme Court will help clarify whether these practices violate the current law, as many cattle producers believe.”


45 Japan Cows Suspected of Having Mad Cow

45 Japan Cows Suspected of Having Mad Cow
Associated Press

By Associated Press
February 9, 2006

Forty-five cows at a farm in northern Japan are suspected of having mad cow disease and will be destroyed, officials said Thursday.

The cows are from a farm on the northern island of Hokkaido where a cow died last month of the disease – Japan’s 22nd mad cow case. Following the death, the Hokkaido government banned the farm from moving any of its more than 400 cows, said Osamu Terada, an official with Hokkaido prefecture.

The dead cow was not raised for food and posed no danger to the country’s beef supply, officials said.

Copyright © 2006, InterestAlert


Plan aims to contain outbreaks

Plan aims to contain outbreaks
From staff reports
Baytown Sun

Published February 10, 2006
The Texas Animal Health Commission’s proposed livestock registration regulations will protect consumers and positively move our state in line with a nationwide effort to contain disease outbreaks.

As a precursor to the development of individual electronic tracking, the TAHC recently planned for a premise identification program, pairing up a livestock location’s code with the owner’s contact information. A seven-digit code would be assigned to premises such as ranches, farms, feedlots, livestock markets, slaughter establishments, rendering or carcass collection points, veterinary clinics, livestock show, fair or exhibition sites, quarantine facilities, laboratories, ports of entry, or any other facilities where animals are handled. These include cattle, horses, mules, asses, sheep, goats and hogs; exotic livestock; domestic fowl, such as chickens, turkeys, and game birds; and poultry and exotic fowl.


NCBA: U.S. Animal Identification Organization Elects Fourth Member

NCBA: U.S. Animal Identification Organization Elects Fourth Member

Denver (February 9, 2006) – At last week’s Cattle Industry Annual Convention, the U.S. Animal Identification Organization (USAIO) elected Dr. Bob Smith to its board. Dr. Smith, who will serve as the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association’s (NCBA) representative to the USAIO, is a practicing veterinarian and cattle stocker operator from Stillwater, Okla.

The USAIO is a non-profit organization whose mission is to provide for the collection and storage of animal movement data, so the United States animal industry can meet the animal disease tracing needs of the National Animal Identification System.

Dr. Smith was nominated by the officers of NCBA to serve as its representative on the USAIO board. NCBA’s policy calls for a private-sector database to protect producer confidentiality.

“Animal identification is an important issue to the cattle industry. I am pleased to serve cattle producers on this board,” said Dr. Smith.

At the annual meeting’s National Animal Movement Database Forum last Thursday, Dr. Smith introduced himself to cattlemen and encouraged them to let him know what they want and need from the USAIO.

“I am hoping NCBA members will call me so I can effectively represent their interests,” he said.

Besides being a full-time beef cattle veterinarian, Dr. Smith has chaired NCBA’s Cattle Health and Well Being Committee and has served on the Beef Quality Assurance Advisory Board for more than a decade.

“Bob is an excellent addition to the USAIO board. His experience in animal health and working with producers across the High Plains will help us make sure we are meeting the needs of cattle producers,” said Charles Miller, USAIO chairman and Kentucky beef producer.