Daily Archives: February 8, 2006

National Network to Help Prevent Animal Diseases, Protect Food Supply, Based at UMass Amherst

National Network to Help Prevent Animal Diseases, Protect Food Supply, Based at UMass Amherst

AMHERST, Mass. – The University of Massachusetts Amherst will be the lead research center in a global effort to develop the tools needed to create vaccines and tests for infectious animal diseases that threaten agriculture and the food supply. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced today that the project, led by UMass Amherst veterinary immunologist Cynthia Baldwin, should accelerate the characterization and treatment of a range of ailments such as mad cow disease and avian influenza. “Many diseases, in addition to being a health threat, have the potential to endanger global food supplies and national economies,” said Joseph Jen, USDA undersecretary for research, education and economics. “UMass Amherst took the lead in recognizing the need to coordinate an international effort—it will provide critical tools that can be used immediately by scientists in their research areas.” The USDA is funding the initiative with a $2.1 million grant to develop these biological tools, known as reagents.

FULL STORY

US beef cleared to return to Taiwan from tomorrow

US beef cleared to return to Taiwan from tomorrow

DPA , TAIPEI Wednesday, Feb 08, 2006,
Taipei Times

US beef will return to Taiwan tomorrow after the government “conditionally” lifted a seven-month ban imposed due to fears over mad cow disease, the Central News Agency (CNA) said.
The first shipment of US beef will arrive at the CKS International Airport tomorrow. On Friday, Department of Health Minister Hou Sheng-mao (侯勝茂) will go to the airport to inspect the import procedure of US beef, CNA said.
“If everything goes smoothly, Taipei residents will be able to eat US beef for lunch on Friday,” CNA said.
Taiwan banned US beef imports in December 2003 following reports of the first US bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) case, but lifted the ban on April 16 last year. BSE is commonly called mad cow disease.
Taiwan banned US beef imports again on June 25 last year after a second case of the disease was confirmed.
On Jan. 25, the government announced a “conditional” resumption of US beef imports despite public worries about the safety of the meat after Japan discovered banned cattle parts in a shipment of US beef, causing Japan to reimposed its ban on US beef, one month after it had lifted a two-year ban.
Health officials listed four conditions under which US beef may be imported: It must be from calves raised and slaughtered after April 16; must have the bones, nerves and spinal cord removed; must come from butcher houses and packing houses approved by the US Agriculture Department and Taiwan; and must carry safety certificates issued by the US Agriculture Department.
BSE, a brain-wasting disease, is believed to be caused by a protein in the central nervous system and intestines.
The Consumers’ Foundation blasted the resumption as a hasty move that puts lives at risk, but the health department claimed its panel of BSE experts had concluded that US beef was safe.

Koizumi pledges Japan will not accept older cattle


Koizumi pledges Japan will not accept older cattle

by Pete Hisey
on 2/8/2006
for Meatingplace.com

Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, speaking in front of a hostile Diet (senate) that has accused him of bowing to pressure from the United States in reopening the market to U.S. beef imports, said that despite evidence that meat from cattle under 30 months of age is safe, Japan will not lower its 20-month standard.

“[Americans should understand] that Japan’s stricter standard only allows cows younger than 20 months, even though 30 months is considered safe elsewhere,” he said Tuesday. That standard will not change, he pledged.

He threw a bone to the U.S. beef industry, saying, “It is our responsibility to promote their understanding and establish a mutually agreeable framework under which we can resume imports.”

Opposition politicians have had a field day, accusing Koizumi of ignoring the health and safety of the Japanese public in favor of appeasing the Bush administration, with whom Koizumi shares relatively warm relations.

Koizumi’s announcement deals a blow to U.S. trade authorities, which had hoped that Japan would eventually accept meat from cattle under 30 months.

USDA Tried to Derail BSE Tests of Infected Cow

USDA Tried to Derail BSE Tests of Infected Cow
February 7, 2006
Supermarketguru.com

Any illusion that the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) is putting public safety first – as opposed to preserving its own bureaucratic systems and procedures – was shattered last week by a Washington Post article saying that the USDA “overruled field scientists’ recommendation to retest an animal that was suspected of harboring mad cow disease last year because they feared a positive finding would undermine confidence in the agency’s testing procedures,” the department’s inspector general said yesterday.
FULL STORY

Strong Profits Lead to Herd Expansion

Strong Profits Lead to Herd Expansion
Cow-calf producers responded to another year of record-high calf prices and continued to expand beef cow and replacement heifer numbers during 2005, Cattle-Fax reported last week. Despite the limited beef exports and one of the largest net beef supplies on record, prices for fed cattle, feeder cattle and calves were record-high during 2005.
The organization reports that, during 2005, the U.S. exported about 700 million pounds (lb.) of beef cuts compared to 415 million lb. in 2004 and 2.5 billion lb. in 2003. Mexico accounted for about two-thirds of 2005 beef exports.
Beef imports during 2005 were near-record and totaled about 3.6 billion lb. The largest increases in imports came from Canada and Uruguay.
According to Cattle-Fax, cattlemen should expect slightly lower prices for fed cattle during 2006, averaging $85 to $87. Fed cattle prices are expected to range from the mid-$90s at the spring highs and have risk back into the upper $70s at the summer lows. Feeder cattle prices are expected to average between $106 and $108 during 2006, which is $2 to $4 lower than 2005 levels. Prices are likely to trade in a fairly normal seasonal pattern and range from around $105 at the spring lows to near $115 or better at the highs. Calf prices are projected to trade in a range of $115 to $135 during the course of the year and average about $125 during 2006. Larger net beef supplies, increased cattle harvest and larger beef production will force prices lower during the year, compared to records set during 2005.
Cattle feeders, stocker operators, backgrounders and cow-calf producers should all experience slimmer operating margins during 2006 due to the larger available supplies. Market cow and breeding cattle prices are expected to be mostly steady during 2006. However, conditions could change if the drought persists in the Southern Plains.
Total cattle numbers increased nearly 2% during 2005 and totaled 97.1 million head on Jan. 1, 2006. Beef cow numbers increased for the second consecutive year and totaled 33.25 million head on Jan. 1, 2006 — up 330,000 head from a year earlier. Cattle harvest and beef production were about even with levels from a year ago. Steer and heifer harvest totaled 27.0 million head in 2005, while beef production totaled 24.6 billion lb. and was one of the smallest totals in the past 15 years. Fed cattle harvest during 2006 is expected to increase about 850,000 head due to larger on-feed totals and slightly larger inventory levels. Beef production for the year is expected to increase by about 1 billion lb. in 2006. Net beef supplies for the year are expected to increase during the year and be near record as increased market access and larger beef exports are expected to offset about half of the increase in domestic beef production.
— Release provided by Cattle-Fax.

USDA: Horse slaughter for meat can continue

USDA: Horse slaughter for meat can continue

03:10 PM CST on Tuesday, February 7, 2006

By TODD J. GILLMAN / The Dallas Morning News

WASHINGTON – Ignoring congressional disdain for the horsemeat industry, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said Tuesday that it would allow slaughter of horses for human consumption to continue in Kaufman, Fort Worth and DeKalb, Ill.

Lawmakers cut off funding in November for inspection of such horses, whose meat ends up in the kitchens of France, Japan and a handful of other countries. But the three plants that process horse offered to pay for their own inspections, and the Agriculture Department has agreed.
Also Online

Kevin B. Blackistone: First step finally taken toward abolishing horse slaughter in U.S. (11/12/2005)

“It’s absolutely outrageous,” said Michael Markarian, executive vice president of the Humane Society of the United States. “The agency is substituting the judgment of Belgian and French chefs for the judgment of Congress.”

Both houses of Congress voted overwhelmingly last year to cut funding for pre-slaughter horse inspections as part of an annual farm spending bill. The House vote was 269-158. The Senate vote was 69-28.

FULL STORY

ISU veterinary medicine faculty study new BVDV diagnostic approach

ISU veterinary medicine faculty study new BVDV diagnostic approach

Researchers at Iowa State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine are conducting a study that could help determine the prevalence of BVDV and evaluate a new diagnostic screening approach. BVDV — bovine viral diarrhea virus — is a contagious viral disease that causes abortion, weak calves and respiratory disease. “We don’t know how common it is in Iowa, but we estimate that five to 10 percent of herds are infected,” says Dr. Annette O’Connor, assistant professor of veterinary diagnostic and production animal medicine. She and colleagues at the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory are assessing a diagnostic approach used in Colorado. Compared to current tests, the RT-PCR technology is a less expensive way to screen herds. “Now it costs $3 to $6 per cow to test. If this approach proves effective and accurate, it would cost less than $1 per animal,” O’Connor said. The RT-PCR tests for BVDV in pooled samples. If it detects the virus in a pooled sample, the individual animal tubes are then tested to identify the positive sample. Once identified, the animal is traced back to the farm and re-tested to ensure it is positive. The researchers are working with local veterinarians and have enrolled about 150 Iowa-based cow-calf herds. If interested in learning more about the project, contact O’ Connor at (515) 294-5012, or Dr. Steve Sorden at (515) 294-1128. The Voluntary Iowa BVDV Screening Project is funded by the Iowa Veterinary Medical Association and the College of Veterinary Medicine. Contact O’Connor, (515) 294-5012; or Teddi Barron, News Service, (515) 294-4778.

Congressman Moran calls for change in administration’s budget proposal


Congressman Moran calls for change in administration’s budget proposal

KNEB.com

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Congressman Jerry Moran today expressed his concerns with certain aspects of the Administration’s fiscal year 2007 budget proposal that was released today. “The Administration has proposed an ambitious budget with the goal of reducing our nation’s deficit by half over the next three years,” Moran said. “While I applaud the President for recognizing the need to reduce spending, there are certain aspects of the proposed budget which are negligent.”

Nearly $9 billion in cuts over the next ten years are being proposed for agriculture, including changes to dairy programs, crop payments and marketing loans.

“These proposed cuts to agriculture do not come at a good time,” Moran said. “Kansas farmers are currently weathering a storm of high energy prices, continued drought and low commodity prices.”

For veterans, the Administration is proposing an increase in costs for veterans receiving Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care by establishing enrollment fees and increasing prescription drug co-payments for veterans in the VA’s Priority Groups 7 and 8. These groups include veterans who have incomes above a certain level and do not have service-related disabilities.

“Veterans have done a great service for our country, and they deserve the best health care available, not higher prices,” Moran said. “With troops returning from battle and the aging veteran population, now is certainly not the time to unduly burden our nation’s veterans.”

Moran expressed disappointment in the Administration’s desire to reduce rural health care programs by $133 million and cut $136 million from health professional training programs that are critical to rural America.

“Rural areas have special circumstances, and rural health programs must remain in place to continue addressing issues like health professional shortages, challenges faced by small hospitals and problems that stem from having a less-dense population,” Moran said.

The Administration submitting a budget to Congress is the first step in the 2007 federal funding process. In the coming months, Congress will review this proposal and work to finalize next year’s budget.

“I continue to believe that we must not saddle future generations with the debt we acquire today, but we cannot balance the books by singling out programs that are important to rural areas like Kansas,” Moran said. “Our farmers, veterans, health care providers and their patients expect to be treated fairly.”

Moran is a senior member of the House Committees on Agriculture and Veterans Affairs and serves on the steering committee of the Rural Health Care Coalition.

For more information, contact Congressman Moran at (202) 225-2715 or visit his web page at www.house.gov/moranks01/.

Bush Proposes Slashes to Programs That Benefit Rural America


Bush Proposes Slashes to Programs That Benefit Rural America

WASHINGTON (February 6, 2006 ) – Once again President Bush delivered a budget proposal to Congress that cuts more than $5 billion from programs that help farmers and rural communities survive. National Farmers Union said that cutting these programs at a time when the rural economy is struggling is a serious mistake.

“For the second year in a row the Administration is proposing drastically cutting the 2002 farm bill safety net at a time when the rural economy is struggling,” National Farmers Union President Dave Frederickson said. “Commodity prices have been declining, production in many areas has been down as a result of weather-related disasters, and input costs have skyrocketed as a result of energy costs.”

The 2002 Farm Bill promised farmers and ranchers a guaranteed safety net for six years to help rural America cope with economic circumstances beyond their control. The administration’s proposal would force Congress to go back on this promise it made to rural America.

“We certainly understand the need to reduce the federal budget deficit,” Frederickson said. “But it does not make sense to balance the federal budget on the backs of farmers and ranchers, while providing more tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans.”

“Anybody who talks to real family farmers will hear that the current economic climate in rural America is rapidly deterioating.” Frederickson said. “With lower prices and higher input costs, cutting the safety net is the last thing the administration should be proposing. Farmers and ranchers need a profit from the marketplace, and the President’s proposal does little to help achieve this goal”

National Farmers Union will be working to ensure that Congress does not enact the President’s proposals, and recognizes the need to protect our nation’s food and fiber producers.