Daily Archives: November 26, 2007

Then and Now: Trends in Animal Health

Then and Now: Trends in Animal Health

By KATRINA WATERS

The Cattleman

Many of the animal health issues facing today’s cattlemen are nothing new. Peruse through back issues (and there are many of them, dating back to 1914) of The Cattleman and you’ll see information on many of the same diseases threatening the producer’s pocketbook today.

Although animal diseases will always be a concern, advances in science and technology, as well as attitude changes, mean there is more opportunity than ever to have a healthy cow herd.
FULL STORY PDF

BeefTalk: Animal Identification and Disease Management are Closely Linked

BeefTalk: Animal Identification and Disease Management are Closely Linked

By Kris Ringwall, Beef Specialist, NDSU Extension Service

Some things you never wish upon your cows. Some things you never wish upon your cows.

The beef industry needs a modern, effective system of individual accountability.

Trading beef is a complex pattern of pathways. As producers seek an unencumbered market environment that allows buyers from around the world to bid on their calves, a struggle has ensued.

Producers want to maximize business options and maintain the flexibility to market their stock. There is a need to utilize methods that capture value for the producer and enhance value to all.  The big challenge is the calf and all that goes with the calf. The calf has the potential to carry any disease that it has been exposed to and potentially spread the disease to susceptible calves.

FULL STORY

Estrus Synchronization

Estrus Synchronization

by Helen Redli

Angus Journal

Producers want to get the most from their investment in an artificial insemination (AI) program. Reproductive management by synchronization can improve the success of an AI program.

Synchronization plus AI lets you gain genetics, tighten the calving distribution and increase your average calf age.

Synchronization eases heat detection because you know when the cows should come into heat and can focus your heat detection efforts, which can result in higher pregnancy rates. It also shifts the peak of estrus to decrease the number of cows coming into heat at night, especially when darkness comes early. Synchronizing heifers also helps with the problem of young cows having a harder time cycling back after first calving. A progestin can induce some non cycling cows to cycle, improving their chances of conceiving by AI.

FULL STORY PDF

Wet Distillers Feeds for Feedlot Cattle

Wet Distillers Feeds for Feedlot Cattle

Iowa Beef Center

Distillers by-products have a long and nearly as colorful history as the distilling industry itself. The Bourbon Beef Association established the Bourbon Beef Show in Louisville, Ky. shortly after World War II to showcase prize beef animals raised on distillers wet grains. Prize money was sizable, even by today’s standards. Iowa State College research in 1936-37 showed a $7.92 per head advantage to distillers grain fed cattle compared to soybean meal fed cattle, including the hogs that followed the cattle (Distillers Feed Research Council, 1951).

Distillers Grains

Using distillers grains in beef cattle rations was studied extensively in the 1970s and 80s. Research emphasized distillers dried grains with and without solubles and wet feeds generated from farm scale stills.

Distillers dried grains and distillers dried grains with solubles are a “rumen bypass” or rumen undegradable protein source. This characteristic may be important for some production situations with cattle and lambs. For example, when soybean meal is fed, approximately 75 percent of the soy protein is degraded to ammonia in the rumen. This ammonia can be assimilated in bacteria protein by the rumen microorganisms and eventually used by the animal if sufficient energy is present. The remaining 25 percent of the soy protein is not degraded in the rumen and is directly absorbed by the animal. In light calves and lambs where energy intake is insufficient or lactating dairy cows with greater protein demands, a higher bypass protein source may be beneficial. Studies estimate distillers grains are about 50 percent degraded by the rumen bacteria, 180 to 200 percent less than soybean meal. Therefore, distillers grains allow a lower protein diet to meet animal requirements or more urea to be fed to lower ration costs, compared to soybean meal for ruminants.

FULL STORY PDF

Cattle Diseases: Fescue Foot

Cattle Diseases: Fescue Foot

Glenn Selk, Kent Barnes, Oklahoma State University

Fescue toxicity (fescue foot and summer slump syndrome) is a non-infectious disease occasionally seen in cattle grazing tall fescue pastures. Fescue foot is more often seen in cold weather in thin cattle grazing stockpiled forage. Although the incidence of fescue foot in a herd can be very high, the total number of cattle affected each year is quite low compared to the numbers of cattle grazing fescue. The outward signs vary in severity, and some animals may suffer reduced performance without showing visible symptoms.

FULL STORY PDF

What does advancing technology mean next to beef industry?

What does advancing technology mean next to beef industry?

By Ron Torell, University of Nevada Extension Livestock Specialist and Lori Weddle-Schott, University of Minnesota Beef Center

Minnesota Farm Guide

Technology and products we now take for granted were fascinating to generations gone by.

Imagine the amazement of the cave man as the first wheel rolled off the assembly line. The wheel led to the human drawn pull cart which led to the horse drawn cart which led to the motorized vehicle.

How about the old sayings from our grandparents’ generation: “That is the neatest invention since sliced bread!” or “The neatest thing since running water!”

FULL STORY

KFB Beef Verification Solution partners with Colorado Farm Bureau

KFB Beef Verification Solution partners with Colorado Farm Bureau

High Plains Journal

The benefits of age and source verification, animal data management and voluntary animal identification compliance is now conveniently available to Colorado cattle producers, since Kansas Farm Bureau’s Agriculture Solutions has partnered with the Colorado Farm Bureau to expand the Beef Verification Solution into Colorado.

“We are very pleased to expand the Beef Verification Solution into Colorado,” said Mark Nelson, BVS team leader. “Colorado is a progressive beef cattle state and combined with Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma and Mississippi, gives us a solid base to effectively deliver the most flexible, comprehensive and competitively priced animal identification program in the industry.”

FULL STORY